IMPLEMENTING ABACUS MEDIA TO ENHANCE MATHEMATICS SKILLS AND INTEREST IN FIRST GRADE ELEMENTARY STUDENTS

Authors

  • Samsul Pahmi Nusa Putra University
  • Neng Juwita Albela Nusa Putra University
  • Najmah Hisan Kamila Nusa Putra University
  • Nadiya Hamidah Nusa Putra University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31949/jcp.v9i3.4847

Keywords:

Abacus, Learning Media, Numeracy Skills, Primary School, Lower Grades

Abstract

In an effort to improve students' learning outcomes and enhance the quality of the learning process, it is expected that teachers use enjoyable teaching methods that can increase students' interest in learning. Abacus has been extensively studied as a learning tool for mathematics, but previous researchers have paid insufficient attention to the aspect of differences in basic mathematical abilities and their impact on students' learning outcomes. Therefore, this research is focused on implementing the abacus as a media to improve the interest and mathematical abilities of first-grade elementary school students, particularly in addition and subtraction operations. Data collection was conducted through pre-tests and post-tests, with a sample of 26 students selected based on the diversity of mathematical abilities and gender. Mann-Whitney test was used for data analysis due to the small sample size and the non-normality assumption of the data. The findings indicate that the abacus learning media can significantly improve students' arithmetic abilities, especially for students with low basic arithmetic skills, while high-ability students do not show a significant impact. Furthermore, learning activities using the abacus as a media can also enhance students' independence and interest in learning mathematics, particularly in arithmetic operations.

Dalam upaya meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa serta meningkatkan kualitas proses pembelajaran, diharapkan guru menggunakan metode pengajaran yang menyenangkan serta dapat meningkatkan minat belajar siswa. Sempoa telah banyak diteliti sebagai alat pembelajaran untuk matematika, namun peneliti terdahulu masih kurang memberikan perhatian pada aspek perbedaan tingkat kemampuan matematika dasar dan dampaknya terhadap hasil belajar siswa. Oleh karena itu, penelitian ini difokuskan untuk mengimplementasikan media sempoa terhadap peningkatan minat dan kemampuan matematika siswa sekolah dasar tingkat pertama, khususnya pada operasi penjumlahan dan pengurangan. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui pre test dan post test, dengan sampel sebanyak 26 siswa yang dipilih berdasarkan keragaman kemampuan matematika dan jenis kelamin. Uji Mann Whitney digunakan untuk analisis data karena ampel termasuk sampel kecil serta tidak memenuhi uji prasyarat normalitas data. Hasil temuan menunjukkan bahwa media pembelajaran sempoa dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berhitung siswa secara signifikan, terutama bagi siswa dengan kemampuan berhitung dasar rendah, sedangkan siswa berkemampuan tinggi tidak memiliki pengaruh yang signifikan. Selain itu, kegiatan pembelajaran dengan menggunakan media sempoa juga dapat meningkatkan kemandirian dan minat siswa dalam belajar matematika khususnya pada operasi hitung.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Altiparmak, K. (2016). The Teachers’ Views on Soroban Abacus Training. International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2(1), 172–178. www.ijres.net

Anam, F., Suteja, J. R., Septianto, A., Purnomo, A., & Utami, Y. P. (2020). Improving the Numeracy Mathematics Ability: The Role of Abacus Learning Model. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1594(1), 012041. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1594/1/012041

Atteh, E., Hagan, J. E., Amoaddai, S., & Lawer, V. T. (2020). Students’ Perception towards Mathematics and Its Effects on Academic Performance The model for mathematics teachers development View project The impact of social media on students academic work; A Review View project Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies Students’ Perception towards Mathematics and Its Effects on Academic Performance. AJESS, 8(1), 8–14. https://doi.org/10.9734/AJESS/2020/v8i130210

Aydoˇgan, K., Aydoˇgan, A., Sidekerskien˙, T., & Damaševičius, R. (2023). Out-of-the-Box Learning: Digital Escape Rooms as a Metaphor for Breaking Down Barriers in STEM Education. Sustainability 2023, Vol. 15, Page 7393, 15(9), 7393. https://doi.org/10.3390/SU15097393

Barrow, E., Golding, J., Redmond, B., & Grima, G. (2018). “I get better and better all the time”: Impact of resources on pupil and teacher confidence. In: Golding, J and Bretscher, N and Crisan, C and Geraniou, E and Hodgen, J and Morgan, C, (Eds.) Proceedings of the 9th British Congress of Mathematics Education:BCME9. (Pp. Pp. 8-15). BSRLM: University of Warwick, UK. (2018) . http://www.bsrlm.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/BCME9-Research-Proceedings.pdf

Brumbaugh, D. K., & Rock, D. (2010). Teaching Secondary Mathematics. Routledge. https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=id&lr=&id=hr1Mndz7MecC&oi=fnd&pg=PP2&dq=Teaching+Secondary+Mathematics+-+Douglas+&ots=wGO1KAUrKW&sig=tRM0XlqDnv6BolyE_twwa731nCE&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Teaching%20Secondary%20Mathematics%20-%20Douglas&f=false

Chan, W. W. L., & Wong, T. T. Y. (2020). Subtypes of mathematical difficulties and their stability. Journal of Educational Psychology, 112(3), 649–666. https://doi.org/10.1037/EDU0000383

Chasanah, C., Riyadi, & Usodo, B. (2020). The Effectiveness of Learning Models on Written Mathematical Communication Skills Viewed from Students’ Cognitive Styles. European Journal of Educational Research, 9(3), 979–994. https://doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.9.3.979

Cook, T. D., & Campbell, D. T. (1979). The design and conduct of true experiments and quasi-experiments in field settings. Goodyear Publishing Company. https://www.scholars.northwestern.edu/en/publications/the-design-and-conduct-of-true-experiments-and-quasi-experiments--3

Cozad, L. E., & Riccomini, P. J. (2016). Effects of Digital-Based Math Fluency Interventions on Learners with Math Difficulties: A Review of the Literature. Journal of Special Education Apprenticeship, 5(2).

Crocker, L. M., & Algina, James. (1986). Introduction to Classical and Modern Test Theory. 527.

Damiani, I., Thoron, A., & Bunch, J. C. (2018). Utilizing Demonstrations in Teaching, with an Example Demonstration of Plant Propagation via Cuttings. EDIS, 5(4). https://ejurnal.undana.ac.id/AJES/article/view/1266

Ekowati, Ch. K. (2018). THE DEVELOPMENT OF NUMBER TEACHING AIDS TO MINIMIZE MISCONCEPTIONS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE KUPANG CITY. Academic Journal of Educational Sciences, 1(1), 42–45. https://doi.org/10.35508/AJES.V1I1.1266

Faujiah, S., & Muhammadiyah Hamka, U. (2022). ANALISIS PEMAHAMAN KONSEP PERKALIAN PADA PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA PESERTA DIDIK KELAS IV SEKOLAH DASAR. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendas, 8(3), 829–840. https://doi.org/10.31949/JCP.V8I3.2588

Gera, M., & Kaur, J. (2014). International Journal of Multidisciplinary Approach and Studies Theme-Role of Abacus learning in Mathematics. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Approach & Studies, 1(5). www.alcula.com

Johnson, J. L., Adkins, D., & Chauvin, S. (2020). A Review of the Quality Indicators of Rigor in Qualitative Research. American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education, 84(1), 138–146. https://doi.org/10.5688/AJPE7120

Krasa, N., & Shunkwiler, S. (2009). Number sense and number nonsense: Understanding the challenges of learning math. Paul H Brookes Publishing. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2009-08113-000

León, S. P., Del Carmen, M., Fraile, C., & García-Martínez, I. (2021). Development of Cognitive Abilities through the Abacus in Primary Education Students: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial. Education Sciences 2021, Vol. 11, Page 83, 11(2), 83. https://doi.org/10.3390/EDUCSCI11020083

Lu, Y., Ma, M., Chen, G., & Zhou, X. (2021). Can abacus course eradicate developmental dyscalculia. Psychology in the Schools, 58(2), 235–251. https://doi.org/10.1002/PITS.22441

McDaniel, A. (2020). Use of Calculators in High School Mathematics. Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects. https://ideaexchange.uakron.edu/honors_research_projects/1012

Mou, C., Wei, X., & Zhou, X. (2022). Non-cognitive differences between abacus-trained students and their counterparts. Personality and Individual Differences, 191, 111558. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.PAID.2022.111558

Nahdi, D. S., Jatisunda, M. G., Cahyaningsih, U., & Suciawati, V. (2020). Pre-service teacher’s ability in solving mathematics problem viewed from numeracy literacy skills. Ilkogretim Online, 19(4). https://web.p.ebscohost.com/abstract?direct=true&profile=ehost&scope=site&authtype=crawler&jrnl=13053515&AN=144794631&h=%2f93ZGeqUm7H6Q5EUe1yA%2f5shFUPcvK5Gq4y%2fpJ5RmJF81zYrRb2LNbayXbMM5HvshzZQNhWonUJznDMYUaXAog%3d%3d&crl=c&resultNs=AdminWebAuth&resultLocal=ErrCrlNotAuth&crlhashurl=login.aspx%3fdirect%3dtrue%26profile%3dehost%26scope%3dsite%26authtype%3dcrawler%26jrnl%3d13053515%26AN%3d144794631

Peano, G. (1889). Arithmetices principia: nova methodo exposita . Fratres Bocca. https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=id&lr=&id=UUFtAAAAMAAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=Arithmetices+principia:+nova+methodo+exposita&ots=POOHw-VIBr&sig=-REEY34sMWYILbmYGd75k3GnsH8&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=Arithmetices%20principia%3A%20nova%20methodo%20exposita&f=false

Piaget, J. (1997). The Child’s Conception of Number (Vol. 4). Psychology Press. https://books.google.co.id/books?hl=id&lr=&id=1ET995R5VHEC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=The+Child%27s+Conception+of+Number+-+Jean+Piaget+&ots=veYwRPYqqz&sig=AvD5oLwix4D4jUrz_WmRk-8HeWU&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=The%20Child’s%20Conception%20of%20Number%20-%20Jean%20Piaget&f=false

Pusat Asesmen Pendidikan. (2022). Rapor Pendidikan. Pusat Asesmen Pendidikan. https://pusmendik.kemdikbud.go.id/an/page/rapor_pendidikan

Puspitarini, Y. D., & Hanif, M. (2019). Using Learning Media to Increase Learning Motivation in Elementary School. Anatolian Journal of Education, 4(2), 53–60. https://doi.org/10.29333/aje.2019.426a

Rohendi, D., Sumarna, N., & Sutarno, H. (2017). Game Multimedia in Numeracy Learning for Elementary School Students. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 180(1), 012068. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/180/1/012068

Sarvari, E. R., Nasiri, H., & Abasi, P. (2015). The Impact of Abacus on Mathematic Learning through Teachers’ Innovative Behavior in Elementary Schools of Iran. European Journal of Business and Management Www.Iiste.Org ISSN, 7(24). www.iiste.org

Shapiro, S. S., & Wilk, M. B. (1965). An Analysis of Variance Test for Normality (Complete Samples). Biometrika, 52(3/4), 591. https://doi.org/10.2307/2333709

Stigler, J. W., Chalip, L., & Miller, K. F. (1986). Consequences of Skill: The Case of Abacus Training in Taiwan. Https://Doi.Org/10.1086/443862, 94(4), 447–479. https://doi.org/10.1086/443862

Tanu Wijaya, T., Ying, Z., Chotimah, S., Bernard, M., Zulfah, & Astuti. (2020). Hawgent dynamic mathematic software as mathematics learning media for teaching quadratic functions. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1592(1), 012079. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1592/1/012079

Valentina, A., & Wulandari, M. D. (2022). MEDIA PEMBELAJARAN MABETA UNTUK MENGUATKAN KEMAMPUAN BERHITUNG PESERTA DIDIK SEKOLAH DASAR. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendas, 8(3), 601–610. https://doi.org/10.31949/JCP.V8I3.2474

Wang, C. (2020). A Review of the Effects of Abacus Training on Cognitive Functions and Neural Systems in Humans. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 14, 913. https://doi.org/10.3389/FNINS.2020.00913/BIBTEX

Widodo, S. A., & Wahyudin. (2018). Selection of Learning Media Mathematics for Junior School Students. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology - TOJET, 17(1), 154–160.

Wijayanti, S. P., & Suswandari, M. (2022). Dampak Penggunaan Media Sempoa dalam Pembelajaran Matematika Kelas Rendah di Sekolah Dasar. MATHEMA: JURNAL PENDIDIKAN MATEMATIKA, 4(1), 58–66. https://doi.org/10.33365/JM.V4I1.1531

Wilcoxon, F. (1945). Some Uses of Statistics in Plant Pathology. Biometrics Bulletin, 1(4), 41. https://doi.org/10.2307/3002011

Downloads

Published

2023-07-30

How to Cite

Pahmi, S., Albela, N. J., Kamila, N. H., & Hamidah, N. (2023). IMPLEMENTING ABACUS MEDIA TO ENHANCE MATHEMATICS SKILLS AND INTEREST IN FIRST GRADE ELEMENTARY STUDENTS. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendas, 9(3), 378–389. https://doi.org/10.31949/jcp.v9i3.4847

Issue

Section

Articles