THE TEACHER’S ROLE IN HANDLING BULLYING BEHAVIOR IN FOURTH GRADE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

Authors

  • Frida Wahyu Rahmawati Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta
  • Almuntaqo Zainuddin Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31949/jcp.v9i3.5229

Keywords:

bullying, elementary school, teacher’s role

Abstract

Bullying behavior is carried out consciously to hurt others mentally and physically. Bullying behavior is also often done by students at school, including fourth grade students at SDN Tunggulsari 1. Therefore, the teacher’s role is needed in overcoming and reducing bullying. This research was conducted to find out the forms of bullying behavior, the teacher's role in dealing with bullying behavior, and the obstacles experienced by the teacher during the process. The research conducted is included in the type of descriptive qualitative research with a case study approach model. The informants in this study were school principals, fourth grade teachers, bullies and victims of bullying. This study uses the data analysis technique of the Miles & Huberman model which is carried out in three stages including data reduction, analysis and presentation of data, drawing conclusions. Data collection techniques with direct field observations, in-depth interviews, and documentation. Teachers and schools have handled student bullying behavior quite well. The results of the study show that teachers play a significant role in dealing with bullying in the classroom. Several ways are carried out to overcome and reduce bullying behavior. The role of the teacher in preventing bullying is carried out in several ways including socializing bullying to students, being assertive about deviant actions, instilling harmony and respect for others, forming study groups, instilling religious values, and establishing harmonious relations with students. Then the teacher's role in overcoming bullying was found as gathering information, reconciling students, providing counseling, providing emotional support, and taking follow-up actions. The results of this study can be used as a reference for the development of appropriate and effective bullying prevention efforts by various parties, especially teachers in schools.

Perilaku bullying merupakan suatu tindakan yang dilakukan secara sadar untuk menyakiti orang lain secara mental maupun fisik. Perilaku bullying juga masih sering dilakukan para siswa di sekolah, termasuk siswa kelas 4 di SDN Tunggulsari 1. Oleh karenanya, peran guru sangatlah diperlukan dalam mengatasi dan mengurangi adanya tindakan bullying. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui bentuk-bentuk perilaku bullying, peran guru dalam menangani perilaku bullying, dan hambatan yang dialami guru selama prosesnya. Penelitian yang dilakukan termasuk ke dalam jenis penelitian kualitatif deskriptif dengan model pendekatan studi kasus. Narasumber dalam penelitian ini adalah kepala sekolah, guru kelas empat, pelaku bullying dan korban bullying. Penelitian ini menggunakan teknik analisis data model Miles & Huberman yang dilakukan dalam tiga tahap meliputi reduksi data, analisis dan penyajian data, penarikan kesimpulan. Teknik pengumpulan data dengan observasi lapangan secara langsung, wawancara secara mendalam, dan dokumentasi. Guru dan sekolah telah melakukan penanganan terhadap perilaku bullying siswa dengan cukup baik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa guru berperan besar dalam menangani adanya tindakan bullying di kelas. Berbagai cara dilakukan untuk dapat mengatasi dan mengurangi perilaku bullying yang terjadi. Peran guru dalam pencegahan bullying dilakukan dengan berbagai cara meliputi sosialisasi bullying kepada para siswa, bersikap tegas terhadap tindakan menyimpang, menanamkan sikap rukun dan menghargai sesama, membentuk kelompok belajar, menenamkan nilai religious, serta menjalin hubungan harmonis dengan siswa. Kemudian peran guru dalam mengatasi bullying yang ditemukan seperti mengumpulkan informasi, mendamaikan siswa, memberikan konseling, memberikan dukungan emosional, dan melakukan tindakan lanjutan. Hasil penelitian ini dapat dijadikan acuan pengembangan upaya pencegahan bullying yang tepat dan efektif oleh berbagai pihak khususnya guru di sekolah.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Frida Wahyu Rahmawati, Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

 

 

References

Abdussaman, Z. (2021). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. In Metode Penelitian Kualitatif. Syakir Media Press.

Adiyono, A., Adiyono, A., Irvan, I., & Rusanti, R. (2022). Peran Guru Dalam Mengatasi Perilaku Bullying. Al-Madrasah: Jurnal Pendidikan Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, 6(3), 649. https://doi.org/10.35931/am.v6i3.1050

Ahmad, N., & , Abd. Aziz Muslimin, S. C. S. (2022). Analisis Perilaku Bullying Antar Siswa Terhadap Pembentukan Karakter Siswa di Sekolah Dasar Negeri Sangir Kecamatan Wajo Kota Makassar Sulawesi Selatan Nurdiana Ahmad * , Abd. Aziz Muslimin, Syarifuddin Cn. Sida. Naturalistic: Jurnal Kajian Penelitian Dan Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran, 7(1), 1318–1333.

Alawiyah, M., & Busyairi, A. (2018). Peran Guru Dan Lingkungan Sosial Terhadap Tindakan Bullying Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Joyful Learning Journal, 7(2), 78–86.

Arif, Y., & Novrianda, D. (2019). Perilaku Bullying Fisik Dan Lokasi Kejadian Pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Kesehatan Medika Saintika, 10(1), 135. https://doi.org/10.30633/jkms.v10i1.317

Aswat, H., Kasih, M., Ode, L., Ayda, B., & Buton, U. M. (2022). Eksistensi Peranan Penguatan Pendidikan Karakter terhadap Bentuk Perilaku Bullying di Lingkungan Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal BASICEDU, 6(5), 9105–9117.

Borualogo, I. S., Wahyudi, H., & Kusdiyati, S. (2020). Bullying Victimisation in Elementary School Students in Bandung City. 409(SoRes 2019), 112–116. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200225.024

Cliplef, J. (2021). Overcoming Barriers to Anti-Bullying Interventions. BU Journal of Graduate Studies in Education, 13(2), 2021. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1304402.pdf

Dewi, P. Y. A. (2020). Perilaku School Bullying Pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Edukasi: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar, 1(1), 39. https://doi.org/10.55115/edukasi.v1i1.526

Firmansyah, F. A. (2022). Peran Guru Dalam Penanganan Dan Pencegahan Bullying di Tingkat Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Al-Husna, 2(3), 205. https://doi.org/10.18592/jah.v2i3.5590

Husky, M. M., Delbasty, E., Bitfoi, A., Carta, M. G., Goelitz, D., Koç, C., Lesinskiene, S., Mihova, Z., Otten, R., & Kovess-Masfety, V. (2020). Bullying involvement and self-reported mental health in elementary school children across Europe. Child Abuse and Neglect, 107(June), 104601. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2020.104601

Ifroh, R. H., Riski Suci Rahmadani, A. D., Habibburahman, M., & Fajariani, W. (2019). Pemberdayaan Siswa Sekolah Dasar Di Wilayah Kampung Kb Pelita Kencana Kelurahan Pelita Mengenai Bullying Usia Sekolah. Kumawula: Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat, 1(3), 183. https://doi.org/10.24198/kumawula.v1i3.21742

Ismail, T. (2019). Pentingnya Peran Guru Kelas Dalam Mengatasi Perilaku Bullying Siswa Di Sekolah. Prosiding Seminar Nasional PGSD, 1(1), 283–289.

Jan MPhil Scholar, Msa., & Husain Assistant Professor, S. (2015). Bullying in Elementary Schools: Its Causes and Effects on Students. 6(19), 43–57.

Junindra, A., Fitri, H., Murni, I., Ilmu Pendidikan, F., & Negeri Padang, U. (2022). Peran Guru terhadap Perilaku Bullying di Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai, 6(2), 11133–11138. https://jptam.org/index.php/jptam/article/view/4204

Kupchik, A., & Farina, K. A. (2016). Imitating Authority: Students’ Perceptions of School Punishment and Security, and Bullying Victimization. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 14(2), 147–163. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541204014557648

Mavroudis, N., & Bournelli, P. (2016). The role of drama in education in counteracting bullying in schools. Cogent Education, 3(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/2331186X.2016.1233843

Muntasiroh, L. (2019). Jenis-Jenis Bullying Dan Penanganannya Di Sd N Mangonharjo Kota Semarang. Jurnal Sinektik, 2(1), 106. https://doi.org/10.33061/js.v2i1.2983

Murphy, H., Tubritt, J., & Norman, J. O. H. (2018). The role of empathy in preparing teachers to tackle bullying. Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research, 7(1), 17–23. https://doi.org/10.7821/naer.2018.1.261

Nurussama, A. (2019). Peran Guru Kelas Dalam Menangani Perilaku Bullying Pada. Jurnal Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar, 5(8), 510–520.

Oldenburg, B., Bosman, R., & Veenstra, R. (2016). Are elementary school teachers prepared to tackle bullying? A pilot study. School Psychology International, 37(1), 64–72. https://doi.org/10.1177/0143034315623324

Özlem, A., Özbek, Y., Pervin, A., & Taneri, O. (2022). Bullying Behaviors and School Climate Through the Perspective of Primary-School Students. EJER Congress 2022, Figure 1, 264–279. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED624144.pdf

Patras, Y. E., & Sidiq, F. (2020). Dampak Bullying Bagi Kalangan Siswa Sekolah Dasar. PEDAGOGIKA: Jurnal Pedagogika Dan Dinamika Pendidikan, 5(1), 12–24. https://doi.org/10.30598/pedagogikavol5issue1page12-24

Purwanto, N. (2019). Variabel Dalam Penelitian Pendidikan. Jurnal Teknodik, 6115, 196–215. https://doi.org/10.32550/teknodik.v0i0.554

Rahayu, B. A., & Permana, I. (2019). Bullying di Sekolah : Kurangnya Empati Pelaku Bullying dan Pencegahan. Jurnal Keperawatan Jiwa, 7(3), 237. https://doi.org/10.26714/jkj.7.3.2019.237-246

Rawlings, J. R., & Stoddard, S. A. (2019). A Critical Review of Anti-Bullying Programs in North American Elementary Schools. Journal of School Health, 89(9), 759–780. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12814

Soedjatmiko, S., Nurhamzah, W., Maureen, A., & Wiguna, T. (2016). Gambaran Bullying dan Hubungannya dengan Masalah Emosi dan Perilaku pada Anak Sekolah Dasar. Sari Pediatri, 15(3), 174. https://doi.org/10.14238/sp15.3.2013.174-80

Sukawati, A., Abdul Muiz, D. L., & Ganda, N. (2021). Pedadidaktika: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar Fenomena Bullying Berkelompok di Sekolah Dasar. All Rights Reserved, 8(2), 354–363. http://ejournal.upi.edu/index.php/pedadidaktika/index

van der Ploeg, R., Steglich, C., & Veenstra, R. (2020). The way bullying works: How new ties facilitate the mutual reinforcement of status and bullying in elementary schools. Social Networks, 60(xxxx), 71–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socnet.2018.12.006

Wijayanti, C. P., & Uswatun, A. T. (2019). Perangi Tindak Perundungan (Bullying) dengan Penanaman Pendidikan Karakter Sejak Dini Pada Peserta Didik Sekolah Dasar. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pagelaran Pendidikan Dasar Nasional (Ppdn) 2019, 1(1), 16–26.

Downloads

Published

2023-07-31

How to Cite

Rahmawati, F. W., & Zainuddin, A. (2023). THE TEACHER’S ROLE IN HANDLING BULLYING BEHAVIOR IN FOURTH GRADE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL STUDENTS. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendas, 9(3), 510–521. https://doi.org/10.31949/jcp.v9i3.5229

Issue

Section

Articles