Publication Ethics

. • Reporting standards

Authors of original research reports must present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The underlying data must be presented accurately in the paper. Papers must contain sufficient detail and references to enable others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or intentionally inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

  • Originality and Plagiarism

Authors must ensure that they have written an entirely original work, and if the author has used the work and/or words of others that it has been properly quoted or quoted.

  • Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

An author should not generally publish manuscripts describing substantially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously is unethical and unacceptable publishing behavior.

  • Source Acknowledgment

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others should always be given. Authors should cite influential publications in determining the nature of the work reported.

  • Paper Writing

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, conduct, or interpretation of the study being reported. Everyone who has made a significant contribution should be listed as a co-author. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they must be acknowledged or listed as contributors. Corresponding authors must ensure that all suitable co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are listed in the paper, and that all co-authors have viewed and approved the final version of the paper and have approved its submission for publication.

  • Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

All authors must disclose in their manuscript any financial or another substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.

  • Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his published work, it is the author's obligation to immediately notify the editor of the journal or publisher and work with the editor to retract or correct the paper.