Knowledge and Perception of ‘Pay-to-Play’ in Football among Sport Journalists in Ghana


  • Frank Appiah Kusi University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana; & Philippine Christian University
  • Richard Samuel Kwadwo Abieraba University of Education, Winneba, Ghana



Pay-to-Play, Ghana Football Association, Perception, Ghana Premier League, Knowledge


Football (soccer) is a major sport among the Ghanaian population, followed by Boxing and other emerging sports like Handball, Indoor Volleyball, Swimming, Field Hockey, Basketball, Badminton, and Arm Wrestling, among others. To the Ghanaian community, ‘sports is football,’ and this has attracted much attention and interest among the youth in an attempt to develop their talent and skills. With such an interest and passion among the Ghanaian youth, it is an expectation and dire hope to be featured in football competitions. This often is not the case, as there is a perceived intention of ‘Pay-to-Play’ to participate in national football competitions in Ghana. This study explored the knowledge and perception of ‘Pay-to-Play’ in football among Sports Journalists in Accra, Kumasi, and Ho. The study adopted qualitative methods with a semi-structured open-ended question sent to the respondents via Email and WhatsApp. A purposive sampling technique was used to recruit the respondents, and the snowball technique aided the researchers in reaching other Sports Journalists. The study identified the existence of ‘Pay-to-Play’ in football in Ghana. This has resulted in the loss of interest in football consumption among the youth, particularly in the Ghana Premier League, and has led to less football development in Ghana.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdul-Rahaman, S. (2022, May 12). Ghana: Journey to Qatar 2022 – Enough of the Call-Ups – Let’s Make Do With What We Have.

Ayamga, E. (2022, November 15). Stonebwoy alleges ‘Pay to Play’ in Black Stars squad selection for World Cup.

Buckley, R. (2010). Pay to Play in Parks: An Australian Policy Perspective on Visitor Fees in Public Protected Areas. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11 (1), 56-73.

British Broadcasting Corporation. (2018, June 8). Ghana dissolves football association after cash gifts scandal.

Cotton, C. (2012). Pay-to-play politics: Informational lobbying and contribution limits when money buys access. Journal of Public Economics, 96 (3/4), 369-386.

Daily Mail. (2019, November 1). Bring Back The Love: Ghanaians Never Really Fell Out With The Black Stars.

Emanuel, E.J., Joffe, S., Grady, C., Wendler, D., & Persad, G. (2015). Clinical Research: Should patients pay to play? Science Translational Medicine, 7 (298), p.298.

Eyler, A.A., Piekarz-Porter, E., & Serrano, N.H. (2019). Pay to Play? State laws related to high school sports participation fees. Journal of Public Health Management Practice, 25 (3), 27-35.

Ghana News Agency. (2022, September 30). NSA closes down national stadia following league suspension.

Ghana Football Association. (2019). Statutes. Retrieved

Ghana Football Association. (n.d). About Ghana Football Association. From Retrieved November 26, 2022

Gilbert, S. (2022, April, 25). Pay to play: A revised narrative to keep kids in the game.

Graphic. (2018, March 01). Start of 2017/2018 Ghana Premier League Postponed Again.

MADDOX, A. (n.d). What is it paid to play in sports? From Retrieved November 26, 2022.

Skinner, J., Edwards, A., & Corbett, B. (2015). Foundations of Sport Management: Research Methods for Sport Management. Routledge publication.

The FA, (2017). The FA international policies for all international clearance.

Zdroik, J. & Veliz, P. (2016). The Influence of Pay-to-Play Fees on Participation in Interscholastic Sports: A School-Level Analysis of Michigan’s Public Schools. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 13 (12), 1317-1324.

Zurek, K. (2022, September 6). Five new recruits receive Black Stars call-ups.




How to Cite

Appiah Kusi, F., & Abieraba, R. S. K. (2023). Knowledge and Perception of ‘Pay-to-Play’ in Football among Sport Journalists in Ghana. Indonesian Journal of Sport Management, 3(2), 170–180.

Most read articles by the same author(s)