ANTHROPOMETRIC PROFILE OF ELITE U16 BASKETBALL PLAYERS
Keywords:U16, elite basketball players, anthropometric profile, national teams
The purpose of the study was to examine and record the anthropometric profile of U16 elite male basketball players of national teams per competitive position as well as to compare the differences of anthropometric profiles between the playing positions. The study involved 17 young male basketball players (average weight 84 kg, average height 1.97 cm, average age 15.9 years). Players were classified according to their position in Guards (G: n = 7), Forwards (F: n = 6), and Centers (C: n = 4). The players participated in the Development Program of the Hellenic Basketball Federation in the year 2021 and were preparing for their possible selection and participation in the Greek National Team, which would participate in the U16 European Basketball Championship of the same summer. In order to determine the anthropometric profile of the elite players of the study, the following anthropometric characteristics were measured in each position: height, weight, wingspan, standing reach, body fat percentage and body mass index (BMI). The sample was analyzed separately for three different positions of the players, the Guards, the Forwards and the Centers. In the inductive analysis, the possible differences between the different positions of the players were examined. One-way analysis of variance (one-way ANOVA) was used to look for differences between the mean values of the variables measured in relation to the athlete's position on the court. The main findings suggest that the anthropometric profile of the U16 male players of the Greek National Basketball Team is at a high level. Specifically, Guards recorded an average height of 190.29 ± 4.64 cm, weight 77.26 ± 5.91 kg and body fat percentage 10.33 ± 1.11 (%).Accordingly, Forwards recorded height of 197.5 ± 4.89 cm, weight 84.06 ± 10.62 kg,body fat percentage 9.85 ± 2.39 (%) and the Centers recorded height of 205.5 ± 3.11 cm, weight 94.99 ± 4.5 kg and body fat percentage 11.78 ± 1.95 (%).Furthermore, the findings showed that the players of the Center position were significantly superior in almost all anthropometric measurements compared to the other two positions. In particular, the Centers had the highest height, weight, body fat percentage and standing reach compared to the Guards and Forwards although they were younger. No differences were found in the other measurements.
Altavilla, G., D’Isanto, T., & Di Tore, P. A. (2018). Anthropometrics characteristics and jumping ability in basketball. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise - 2018 - Spring Conferences of Sports Science. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise - 2018 - Spring Conferences of Sports Science. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2018.13.Proc2.22
Arede, J., Fernandes, J., Moran, J., Norris, J., & Leite, N. (2021). Maturity timing and performance in a youth national basketball team: Do early-maturing players dominate? International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 16(3), 722–730. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954120980712
Begu, B., Kryeziu, A. R., & Bahtiri, A. (2018). THE INFLUENCE OF ANTHROPOMETRIC VARIABLES IN AGILITY ABILITIES OF YOUNG BASKETBALL PLAYERS. 4.
Bjelica, D., Masanovic, B., & Krivokapic, D. (2020). A comparative study of anthropometric measurements and body composition between junior football and basketball players from the Serbian National League. Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity, 12(1), 11–19. https://doi.org/10.29359/BJHPA.12.1.02
Borovi, I., & Garafoli, H. (2016). ANTHROPOLOGICAL PROFILE OF U16 BASKETBALL PLAYERS. 7.
Calleja González, J., Mielgo Ayuso, J., Lekue, J. A., Leibar, X., Erauzkin, J., Jukic, I., Ostojic, S. M., Ponce González, J. G., Fuentes Azpiroz, M., & Terrados, N. (2018). Anthropometry and performance of top youth international male basketball players in Spanish national academy. Nutrición Hospitalaria, 35(6), 1331. https://doi.org/10.20960/nh.1897
Can Pasa, Y., Vukasevic, V., Basketball Club Vizura, Belgrade, Serbia, Masanovic, B., & University of Montenegro, Faculty for Sport and Physical Education, Niksic, Montenegro. (2019). Differences in Anthropometric Characteristics among Junior Basketball and Volleyball Players. Journal of Anthropology of Sport and Physical Education, 3(1), 35–39. https://doi.org/10.26773/jaspe.190107
Cui, Y., Liu, F., Bao, D., Liu, H., Zhang, S., & Gómez, M.-Á. (2019). Key Anthropometric and Physical Determinants for Different Playing Positions During National Basketball Association Draft Combine Test. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 2359. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02359
Eroğlu, H., Türkçapar, Ü., Okyaz, B., & Sun, Ö. G. (2021). The Effect of Anthropometric Characteristics and Somatotypes of Basketball Players on their Basketball Skills. 7.
Gryko, K., Kopiczko, A., Mikołajec, K., Stasny, P., & Musalek, M. (2018). Anthropometric Variables and Somatotype of Young and Professional Male Basketball Players. Sports, 6(1), 9. https://doi.org/10.3390/sports6010009
Hoffman, J. R. (2020). Physical and Anthropometric Characteristics of Basketball Players. In L. Laver, B. Kocaoglu, B. Cole, A. J. H. Arundale, J. Bytomski, & A. Amendola (Eds.), Basketball Sports Medicine and Science (pp. 3–11). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-61070-1_1
Joseph, J., McIntyre, F., Joyce, C., Scanlan, A., & Cripps, A. (2021). A comparison of multidimensional qualities discriminant of selection in elite adolescent Australian basketball athletes. PLOS ONE, 16(8), e0256032. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0256032
Köklü, Y., Alemdaroğlu, U., Koçak, F., Erol, A., & Fındıkoğlu, G. (2011). Comparison of Chosen Physical Fitness Characteristics of Turkish Professional Basketball Players by Division and Playing Position. Journal of Human Kinetics, 30(1). https://doi.org/10.2478/v10078-011-0077-y
Kostopoulos, N. (2015). Anthropometric and fitness profiles of young basketball players according to their playing position and time. 6.
Lockie, R. G., Beljic, A., Ducheny, S. C., & Dawes, J. J. (2020). Relationships between Playing Time and Selected NBA Combine Test Performance in Division I Mid-Major Basketball Players. 14.
Manuel Clemente, F., Conte, D., Sanches, R., Moleiro, C. F., Gomes, M., & Lima, R. (2019). Anthropometry and fitness profile, and their relationships with technical performance and perceived effort during small-sided basketball games. Research in Sports Medicine, 27(4), 452–466. https://doi.org/10.1080/15438627.2018.1546704
Matulaitis, K., Skarbalius, A., Abrantes, C., Gonçalves, B., & Sampaio, J. (2019). Fitness, Technical, and Kinanthropometrical Profile of Youth Lithuanian Basketball Players Aged 7–17 Years Old. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, 1677. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01677
Nagar, L., Meena, D. S., & Singh, B. (2012). Correlation of Selected Anthropometric and Physical Fitness Variables to Basketball Proformance. 5.
Ostojic, S. M., Mazic, S., & Dikic, N. (2006). PROFILING IN BASKETBALL: PHYSICAL AND PHYSIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF ELITE PLAYERS. 6.
PEDRO FORTE, L. F., PEDRO FLORES, CARLOS SOARES, & CARLOS MOREIRA, A. M. M. (2019). Proceedings of the International Seminar of Physical Education, Leisure and Health, 17-19 June 2019. Castelo Branco, Portugal. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise - 2019 - Spring Conferences of Sports Science. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise - 2019 - Spring Conferences of Sports Science. https://doi.org/10.14198/jhse.2019.14.Proc4.82
Pion, J., Segers, V., Stautemas, J., Boone, J., Lenoir, M., & Bourgois, J. G. (2018). Position-specific performance profiles, using predictive classification models in senior basketball. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 13(6), 1072–1080. https://doi.org/10.1177/1747954118765054
Pojskic, H., Separovic, V., Muratovic, M., & Uzicanin, E. (2014). Morphological Differences of Elite Bosnian Basketball Players According to Team Position. International Journal of Morphology, 32(2), 690–694. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0717-95022014000200051
Ramos, S., Volossovitch, A., Ferreira, A. P., Fragoso, I., & Massuça, L. (2019). Differences in maturity, morphological and physical attributes between players selected to the primary and secondary teams of a Portuguese Basketball elite academy. Journal of Sports Sciences, 37(15), 1681–1689. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1585410
Sallet, P., Perrier, D., Ferret, J. M., Vitelli, V., & Baverel, G. (2005). PHYSIOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES IN PROFESSIONAL BASKETBALL PLAYERS AS A FUNCTION OF PLAYING POSITION AND LEVEL OF PLAY. 14.
Štrumbelj, E., & Erčulj, F. (2014). Analysis of Experts’ Quantitative Assessment of Adolescent Basketball Players and the Role of Anthropometric and Physiological Attributes. Journal of Human Kinetics, 42(1), 267–276. https://doi.org/10.2478/hukin-2014-0080
Torres-Unda, J., Zarrazquin, I., Gil, J., Ruiz, F., Irazusta, A., Kortajarena, M., Seco, J., & Irazusta, J. (2013). Anthropometric, physiological and maturational characteristics in selected elite and non-elite male adolescent basketball players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 31(2), 196–203. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2012.725133
Toselli, S., Campa, F., Maietta Latessa, P., Greco, G., Loi, A., Grigoletto, A., & Zaccagni, L. (2021). Differences in Maturity and Anthropometric and Morphological Characteristics among Young Male Basketball and Soccer Players and Non-Players. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(8), 3902. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083902
Vaquera, A., Santos, S., Villa, J. G., Morante, J. C., & García-Tormo, V. (2015). Anthropometric Characteristics of Spanish Professional Basketball Players. Journal of Human Kinetics, 46(1), 99–106. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2015-0038
Viviani, F. (2020). The adolescent basketball player: The importance of some anthropometric characteristics for speed, resistance, power and agility. 16(2), 11.
Zarić, I., Kukić, F., Jovićević, N., Zarić, M., Marković, M., Toskić, L., & Dopsaj, M. (2020). Body Height of Elite Basketball Players: Do Taller Basketball Teams Rank Better at the FIBA World Cup? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(9), 3141. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17093141
Zarić, Ivan, Kukić, Filip, Jovićević, Nemanja, Zarić, Milan, Toskić, Lazar, Đurić, Saša, Marković, Milan, & Dopsaj, Milivoj. (2020). Body height of female basketball players: Association with ranking at the Women’s World Basketball Cup. https://doi.org/10.5281/ZENODO.4401645