Tropical Livestock Science Journal <p>Tropical Livestock Science Journal (TLSJ) with registered number eISSN 2964-9439 is a new scientific open-access journal published by the <strong>Faculty of Agricultural Universitas Majalengka </strong>in 2022. TLSJ aims to publish original research results and reviews, and also receives manuscripts encompassing a broad range of research topics in Tropical Livestock Sciences: breeding and genetics, reproduction and physiology, nutrition, feed sciences, agrostology, animal products, biotechnology, behavior, welfare, health and veterinary, livestock farming system, socio-economic, and policy. TLSJ is published every six months (<strong>Oktober and April</strong>).</p> <p> TLSJ has been indexed and abstracted in<strong> Google Scholar</strong>. The journal also used Similarity Check to prevent any suspected plagiarism in the manuscripts.</p> Study Program of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agricultural, Universitas Majalengka en-US Tropical Livestock Science Journal 2964-9439 Analisis Hubungan antara Motivasi dengan Skala Usaha dan Pendapatan Peternak Domba Lokal di Kecamatan Kertajati Kabupaten Majalengka <p><em>A research study was conducted in the Kertajati District, Majalengka Regency, to analyze the motivation levels of local sheep farmers and their relationship with business scale and income. The study, which took place from March 8 to April 15, 2023, used a sample of 85 sheep farmers selected through purposive sampling. The analytical methods employed included a survey method with descriptive analysis and rank spearman analysis. The results revealed that the farmers in Kertajati District had a moderate level of motivation towards sheep farming, with exterior factors having the greatest impact on their motivation. There was a strong correlation between motivation and business scale (r = 0.668), indicating a significant relationship. However, the relationship between motivation and income, as well as the relationship between business scale and income, had less meaningful correlations (r = 0.081 and r = 0.069, respectively). In conclusion, the study showed that farmers in the area have a moderate motivation to raise sheep, and there is a significant relationship between motivation and business scale.</em></p> Mohammad Rifqi Hanafi Ulfa Indah Laela Rahmah Aaf Falahudin Copyright (c) 2024 Mohammad Rifqi Hanafi, Ulfa Indah Laela Rahmah, Aaf Falahudin 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 2 2 63 73 10.31949/tlsj.v2i2.7300 Pengaruh Penggunaan Belimbing Wuluh (Averrhoa Bilimbi) Sebagai Acidifier Terhadap Berat Darah, Berat Bulu, dan Berat Kepala Ayam Broiler <p><em>This study aims to determine the effect of Averrhoa Bilimbi as an acidifier on blood weight, feather-weight, and head weight of broiler chickens. The research used 240 DOC, which were put into 24 units and kept until they were 35 days old. The parameters measured were blood weight, feather weight, and head weight. The experiment was carried out experimentally, the experimental design used was a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 4 treatments and 6 replications, where there were 24 experimental units, namely as follows: P0 = 1000 ml drinking water, P1 = 900 ml drinking water + 50 ml Averrhoa Bilimbi, P2 = 925 ml drinking water + 75 ml Averrhoa Bilimbi and P3 = 900 ml drinking water + 100 ml Averrhoa Bilimbi. The results showed significant differences (p&lt;0.05) in blood weight, featherweight, and head weight. The conclusion of This research concludes that adding Averrhoa Bilimbi to drinking water can affect blood weight, feather weight, and head weight.</em></p> Yuliana Kolo Copyright (c) 2024 Yuliana Kolo 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 2 2 74 77 10.31949/tlsj.v2i2.7421 Karakteristik Fisik Bakso Daging Sapi dengan Penambahan Tepung Kedelai sebagai Pengganti Tepung Tapioka <p><em>The purpose of this study was to analyze the dosage of using soy flour on the physical characteristics of beef meatballs and to obtain the results of using soy flour which affected the physical characteristics of beef meatballs. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications. The comparison of tapioca flour with soybean flour for each treatment were P0 (100%: 0%), P1 (75% : 25%), P2 (50% : 50%), P3 (25% : 75%), and P4 ( 0% : 100%). The data obtained were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and if the results of the ANOVA test show a significant difference, continue with Duncan's further test. The results showed that the addition of soy flour to beef meatballs had a significant effect (P&lt;0,05) on cooking loss, pH, elasticity, and water-holding capacity. The addition of soy flour caused the cooking shrinkage value from P0 to P4 to decrease with an average value of 16.77 to 11.59%, the pH value of meatballs added with soy flour decreased from P0 to P4 with an average value of 6.48 to 6.15%, the elasticity value of meatballs decreased from P0 to P4 with an average value of 73.40 to 30.22% and the water holding capacity of meatballs from P0 to P4 decreased with an average value of 0.74 to 0.63%. This study can be concluded that the addition of soybean meal can produce better physical properties of beef meatballs.</em></p> <p> </p> Riyan Subarkah Oki Imanudin Rachmat Somanjaya Copyright (c) 2024 Riyan Subarkah, Oki Imanudin, Rachmat Somanjaya 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 2 2 78 83 10.31949/tlsj.v2i2.7436 Analisis Kontribusi Usaha Ternak Domba Terhadap Pendapatan Peternak di Kecamatan Kertajati Kabupaten Majalengka <p><em>This research aims to determine the analysis of household income, the contribution of sheep farming to farmer income, and the factors that influence the size of the contribution of sheep farming. This research was carried out from June to August 2022. The analytical methods used were descriptive analysis, contribution analysis and multiple linear regression analysis. Respondents were determined using a purposive sampling method of 85 respondents. The variables observed were the number of working hours, number of workers, and number of livestock. The research results show that the average income of sheep farming is IDR 2.289.513/year. Meanwhile, the average income from breeders' business is IDR </em>7.730.746 <em>/year. The sheep farming business contributes 29.61% to the total income of farmers in Kertajati District, Majalengka Regency. The coefficient of determination (R2) was obtained at 0.039. which means that the number of livestock, the amount of working hours, and the number of workers influence the contribution of sheep livestock by 3.9%, so Y is influenced by 96.1% by other factors outside the independent variable.</em></p> Denis Nuryadi ulfa Indah Laela Rahmah Lili Adam Yuliandri Copyright (c) 2024 Denis Nuryadi, ulfa Indah Laela Rahmah, Lili Adam Yuliandri 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 2 2 84 96 10.31949/tlsj.v2i2.7451 Karakteristik Kimia dan Daya Simpan Susu Kambing Pasteurisasi dengan Penambahan Ekstrak Jambu Biji Merah (Psidium guajava L.) <p><em>The aim of this research is to analyze the effect of adding red guava extract on the chemical characteristics and shelf life of pasteurized goat milk with the addition of red guava extract (Psidium guajava L). This research was carried out using an experimental method using a completely randomized design consisting of 5 treatments and 4 replications. Chemical characteristics were carried out using quantitative descriptive methods. The treatment used was the addition of 0%, 3%, 6%, 9% and 12% red guava extract. The research results showed that the chemical characteristics of pasteurized goat's milk with the addition of red guava extract were the highest water content at P4, 82.91% and the lowest at P3, namely 81.32%, the highest ash content at P1, 1.01% and the lowest at P4, namely 0 .76%, the highest protein content at P1 3.65% and the lowest at P3, namely 3.14%, the highest fat content at P0 4.73% and the lowest at P4, namely 4.32%, the highest carbohydrate content at P3 10.28 % and the lowest was in P4, namely 8.74%, and the highest vitamin C level was in P4, 35.03 mg/100g and the lowest was in P1, namely 26.29 mg/100g. The shelf life of goat milk at 11°C at P0, P1 and P2 is up to 5 days of storage, while for P3 and P4 it can be stored for 3 days. The conclusion is that P1 is the best treatment in producing the chemical characteristics of pasteurized goat's milk, while P4 is the treatment that produces the highest levels of vitamin C.</em></p> Raka Raihan Aaf Falahudin Lili Adam Yuliandri Copyright (c) 2024 Raka Raihan, Aaf Falahudin, Lili Adam Yuliandri 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 2 2 97 105 10.31949/tlsj.v2i2.8015 Aplikasi Tepung Biji Pepaya sebagai Alternatif Obat Herbal dalam Pengendalian Penyakit Cacingan pada Sapi Potong <p><em>This research aims to analyze the potential of Papaya Seed Flour as an Alternative to Herbal Deworming Medicine in Controlling Worm Disease in Beef Cattle. The research was carried out in Paseh District, Sumedang Regency in January 2024. This research was carried out experimentally. The sampling technique was carried out using purposive random sampling. This research used bulls, aged around 1-1.5 years. This research uses a Pre-test Post-test Control Group Design. The research sample consisted of 10 penned bulls. Before the cow is given treatment in the form of giving the herbal medicine papaya seed flour (Pre-treatment), the cow's feces are taken to be identified and the number of worm eggs infecting the digestive tract is counted. The treatment given is in the form of administering herbal medicine from papaya seed flour (TBP) at a dose of 5g/head, for 3 consecutive days within a period of one week, then testing feces samples (post-treatment) to test the effectiveness of the herbal medicine in reducing levels of and the number of infecting worms. The test parameters in this study were the number of EPGs before and after administration of TBP and FECR until seven days after treatment ended. The research results showed that Papaya Seed Flour has the potential to be an alternative herbal worm medicine in suppressing the growth of digestive tract worms in cattle significantly (p&lt;0.05) with an FECR value reaching 76.9%.</em></p> Muhammad Surya Atmaja Dini Widianingrum Oki Imanudin Copyright (c) 2024 Muhammad Surya Atmaja, Dini Widianingrum, Oki Imanudin 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 2 2 106 114 10.31949/tlsj.v2i2.9005 Deteksi Larva Cacing Pada Sapi dengan Pola Pemeliharaan yang Berbeda di Wilayah Kabupaten Sumedang <p><em>The aim of this research is to analyze differences in levels of digestive tract worm infections in cattle with different rearing patterns in the Sumedang Regency area. The research was carried out in January 2024 in the Paseh sub-district, Sumedang Regency. Worm larvae detection examinations were carried out at the Subang Veterinary Laboratory (B-VET), Jln. Garuda Canal, Werasari Block, Dangdeur, Subang District, Kab. Subang. The method in this research is descriptive observational carried out in the field and laboratory. The technique for collecting feces samples is carried out rectally, approximately 5 grams per cow, selecting samples based on simple random sampling. Fresh feces were put into 50 ml jars along with formalin to prevent eggs from hatching during transportation and storage. Each sample is given a label that includes the sample code and age information. After that, the samples are carried using a coolbox from the sampling location until they are examined in the laboratory. The research results showed that the prevalence pattern of worm infections in semi- intensive rearing was higher than in intensive rearing. The types of worms identified are Nematoda, Trematoda and Protozoa. Different maintenance patterns (Semi-intensive and Intensive) in Paseh District are classified as mild infections (1 – 156 epg).</em></p> Iis Wili Wildan Susana Oki Imanudin Dini Widianingrum Copyright (c) 2024 Iis Wili Wildan Susana, Oki Imanudin, Dini Widianingrum 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 2 2 115 124 10.31949/tlsj.v2i2.9011 Analisis Usaha Penggemukan Sapi Potong Berdasarkan Biaya Produksi <p><em>Research goals to increase revenue or the welfare of farmers through increased livestock production. Efforts are made is through an increase in population, the application of technology and increasing competitiveness through penerapanmanajemen farm. The research was conducted in the District Kasokandel Majalengka district with the survey method. The unit of analysis is the peasant farmers who carry out analysis of samples of beef cattle fattening to strata ownership</em> <em>1-4 tails 16 people, strata ownership 5-8 tails of 7 people. The results showed that the analysis of fattening beef cattle in Sub District Kasokandel Majalengka is a side business with an average ownership of two birds per person. Nation's beef cattle are kept the nation Peranakan Ongole (PO) to the level of implementation of maintenance management is quite good except going, cages, feed and medicines. Revenue analysis of fattening beef cattle in Sub District Kasokandel Majalengkayang highest with the scale of 5-8 tails and 1-4 tail respectively and Rp 2,381,750.00 Rp 3,880,228.00. The conclusion was analysis of the beef cattle fattening business in Kasokandel District, Majalengka Regency, which is a side business with an average ownership of 2 head per person and total ownership of 1-4 head amounting to IDR 2,381,750, total ownership of 5-8 head amounting to IDR 3,880,228.60. </em></p> Ani Suryani Dini Widianingrum Rachmat Somanjaya Copyright (c) 2024 Ani Suryani, Dini Widianingrum, Rachmat Somanjaya 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 2 2 125 135 10.31949/tlsj.v2i2.9164