Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan (Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner) 2024-01-13T18:14:25+07:00 Dr. Rachmat Somanjaya, S.Pt., MS. Open Journal Systems <p>Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner (Agrivet) with registered number ISSN 2354-6190 (print) ISSN 2541-6154 (online) is a scientific open access journal published by <strong>Faculty of Agricultural Universitas Majalengka</strong>. This journal has been accredited by National Journal Accreditation (ARJUNA) Managed by Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, Republic Indonesia with fifth Grade (Sinta 5) since Volume 6 No. 1 2018 to Volume 10 No. 2 2022 according to the decree No. 200/M/KPT/2020. Agrivet journal aims to publish original research results and reviews, and also receives manuscripts encompassing a broad range of research topics in tropical Agricultural and Animal Sciences : Agribusiness, Agrotechnology, Animal Production, Animal Reproduction, Animal Nutrition, Sosio-economic of Livestock, and Livestock Product and environment. Agrivet journal is published every six months (<strong>June </strong><strong style="font-size: 0.875rem;">and December</strong><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">).</span></p> <p> Agrivet Journal has been indexed and abstracted in <strong>Science and Technology Index (SINTA), Google Scholar</strong>, and other scientific databases. The journal also used Similarity Check to prevent any suspected plagiarism in the manuscripts.</p> <p>This Journal AGRIVET : Journal Of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner website has migrated from the former website at <a href="">Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan (Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner) (</a></p> Pemberian berbagai komposisi bahan organik terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman kacang panjang (Vigna Sinensis L.) dengan sistem pertanian berkelanjutan 2023-12-01T11:44:17+07:00 Andi Setiawan Suryani Sajar Ihsan Proyogo <p>The purpose of this study was to understand the impact of optimizing organic matter and its composition on the development and productivity of long bean plants. The research was conducted from May to July 2023 at the location of Sampe Cita Village, Kutalimbaru District, Deli Serdang Regency. The method used in this study was a non-factorial randomized group design (RAK) repeated 3 times. The treatments consisted of P0 = Inorganic fertilizer (17 gr/plot N, 15 gr/plot P2O5, 15gr/plot K2O) as control. P1= Cow dung compost 1.5 kg/plot; P2= Paitan 2 kg/plot; P3= Azolla compost 1.5 kg/plot; P4= Cow dung compost 0.75 kg/plot + Paitan 1 kg/plot; P5= Cow dung compost 0.75 kg/plot + azolla compost 0.75 kg/plot; P6= Cow dung compost 0.35 kg/plot + paitan 1.5 kg/plot; P7= Cow dung compost 0.35 kg/plot + azolla compost 1 kg/plot. The findings indicated that the application of organic substances in various scenarios showed similar impacts on all growth and yield parameters. The longest average plant length for all organic matter treatments at 4 weeks after planting was found in treatment P7 (Cow dung compost 0.35 kg/plot + Azolla compost 1 kg/plot) which was 70.40 cm while at 6 weeks after planting and 8 weeks after planting was found in treatment P2 (Paitan 2 kg/plot) which was 222.98 cm and 279.04 cm. The highest number of productive branches against all organic matter treatments at 6 weeks after planting was P4 (Cow dung compost 0.75 kg/plot + Paitan 1 kg/plot) which was 5.28 branches. The highest average number of fruits per sample at 7 weeks after planting is treatment P7 (Cow dung compost 0.35 kg/plot + Azolla compost 1 kg/plot) which is 68.40 fruits, while at 8 weeks after planting and 9 weeks after planting is P2 (Paitan 2 kg/plot) which is 222.98 cm 279.04 fruits.</p> 2023-12-07T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Andi Setiawan, Suryani Sajar, Ihsan Proyogo Respon penggunaan bakteri penambat nitrogen Rhizobium sp dan pupuk kohe ayam 2023-11-25T10:44:02+07:00 Suryani Sajar Andi Setiawan <p>This study aims to determine the effect of Nitrogen-inhibiting bacteria and chicken manure (cohe) fertilizer on soybean yield. The research method used a 2 factorial Randomized Group Design. The first factor was the treatment of rhizobium biofertilizer (R) consisting of 4 levels, namely R0 = 0 g/kg seed, R1 = 5 g/kg seed, R2 = 10 g/kg seed, and R3 = 15 g/kg seed. The second factor is the treatment of chicken cohe fertilizer (S) consisting of 4 levels, namely S0 = 0 kg/m2, S1 = 0.5 kg/m2, S2 = 1.0 kg/m2, and S3 = 1.5 kg/m2.&nbsp; The results showed that the provision of rhizobium biofertilizer 10 g/kg seed had a real effect on the number of soybean pods, dry weight of seeds per plant, dry weight of 100 seeds, with the highest number of pods 1169.03 g, the highest dry weight of seeds 388.56 g, the highest weight of 100 seeds 15.88 g.&nbsp; Application of chicken cohe fertilizer 1.5 kg/m2 on the soil had a real effect on the number of pods, dry weight of seeds per plant, dry weight of 100 seeds, with the highest number of pods 167.25 g, dry weight of seeds 393.86 g and the highest weight of 100 seeds 16.50 g. The interaction of rhizobium biofertilizer and chicken cohe fertilizer was not significantly different in all treatments.</p> 2023-12-07T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Suryani Sajar, Andi Setiawan Efektivitas penambahan tepung jahe merah dalam ransum terhadap bobot potong, bobot karkas, dan presentase karkas burung puyuh jantan umur 6 minggu 2023-10-07T23:45:28+07:00 Magdalena Siregar Putra Utama Hia Siregar <p>This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of adding red ginger meal to the ration on slaughter weight, carcass weight, and carcass percentage of 6-week-old male quail. This research was conducted in the Experimental Field of HKBP University, Nommensen, Medan. Two hundred male quail aged 1-6 weeks were randomly separated into four treatments and five replications so that each replication contained 10 quail. The four additional doses of the red ginger meal were 0% (P0 as a control), 0.75% (P1), 1.5% (P2), and 2.25% (P3). The research was carried out for 30 days to determine the impact on slaughter weight, carcass weight, and carcass percentage. The data obtained were analyzed using ANOVA and further tested using the Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results showed that all observed variables did not show significant differences (P&gt;0.05). However, adding 1.5% red ginger meal to the male quail's ration revealed a tendency for better results than other treatment doses. It can be concluded that adding red ginger meal to the male quail's ration is quite safe and has not been proven to impact carcass quality negatively.</p> 2023-12-07T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Magdalena Siregar Motivation of farmers in crystal guava seed business in bonorowo district, kebumen regency 2023-06-16T13:51:23+07:00 Ahmad Faisal Anzahri Yunanto Zuhud Rozaki <p>This study aims to determine the motivation of farmers in crystal guava farming and factors related to farmers' motivation in crystal guava farming in Bonorowo District, Kebumen Regency. The number of respondents in this study was 38 crystal guava farmers. The analysis used is descriptive analysis, scoring techniques, and Spearman Rank correlation analysis. The results show that the motivation of farmers in crystal guava farming is seen from the need for existence, the need for relatedness, and the need for growth is in the high category. Overall, motivation is also classified as high with a score of 50.7. Internal factors that have a significant relationship with existence are land area, amount of production, and income, but no significant relationship was found from internal factors with farmer relatedness, while with growth, namely land area, amount of production, and income. And internal factors that have a significant relationship with the level of farmer motivation include land area, amount of production, and income. External factors that have a significant relationship with existence are the availability of capital assistance and local cultural suitability, but no significant relationship from external factors with relatedness and growth was found. The external factors that have a significant relationship with the level of farmer motivation include capital assistance and local cultural suitability. There needs to be support from across stakeholders so that farmers' motivation can be increased.</p> 2023-12-13T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ahmad Faisal Anzahri, Yunanto, Zuhud Rozaki Respons kedelai (Glycine max) varietas Mitani terhadap pemberian beberapa jenis pupuk hayati pada tanah podsolik 2023-11-16T15:53:26+07:00 Fany Panjaitan Onesimus Ke Lele Taufiq Bachtiar <p>This study aimed to examine the growth response and yield of Mitani variety soybean plants after treating them with Rhizobium biofertilizer, Phosphate Solvent Microbes, and Azotobacter using gamma-ray irradiation technology. This research was conducted from January to May 2016 and used one-factor Randomized Block Design (RBD) with the several biofertilizer formulas treatments. The treatments level used were K0 = without fertilizer (control); K+ = 100% urea; Rhi = single strain Rhizobium; Rhi+MPF = Rhizobium Inoculant + Phosphate Solvent Microbes; and Rhi+MPF+AZ = Rhizobium + MPF + Azotobacter. Each application of biological fertilizer is mixed with 50% urea fertilizer. The data obtained were analyzed using the F-test (ANOVA) and continued with the Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at a confidence level α = 0.05. The results showed that the best plant height occurred in soybeans that were given rhizobium fertilizer and pophat solvent microorganisms. Meanwhile, the best average wet and dry weight of soybean plants (p&lt;0.05) occurred in the 100% urea fertilizer treatment. Apart from that, the application of 100% urea fertilizer produces plants with higher water content compared to the biological fertilizer treatment. Another finding from this research is that the number of pods is not directly proportional to the weight of the root nodules. Generaly, it can be concluded that soybean plants respond more to urea fertilization than biological fertilizer.</p> 2023-07-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Fany Panjaitan, Onesimus Ke Lele, Taufiq Bachtiar Digestibility of dry matter and organic matter of complete rations based on banana stems in Ciayumajakuning muscovy duck 2023-11-27T14:06:59+07:00 Dini widianingrum Iwan Setiawan Oki Imanudin Rachmat Somanjaya <p>This study aims to obtain the digestibility of dry matter and organic matter of banana stem-based muscovy duck rations. The study was conducted experimentally using a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications on twenty drakes. The five treatments are P0 (ration + 0% banana stem as control), P1 (ration + 25% banana stem), P2 (ration + 50% banana stem), P3 (ration + 75% banana stem), and P4 (ration + 85% banana stem). %). Observation data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, followed by Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) to determine differences between treatments. The results of the study showed that the Muscovy diet with the addition of 50% banana stems had the best organic matter digestibility and dry matter digestibility, namely 49.28 ± 0.23% and 54.55 ± 0.41%. It could be concluded that the Muscovy ration with the addition of 50% banana stems had the best quality.</p> 2023-12-13T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Dini widianingrum, Iwan Setiawan, Oki Imanudin, Rachmat Somanjaya Performa, bobot karkas, dan lemak abdominal ayam broiler yang diberi dedak fermentasi menggunakan ragi tape (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) 2023-11-23T16:07:24+07:00 Sri Utami Emy Saelan <p>This study aimed to determine the growth of the carcass weight and abdominal fat of broiler fed fermented rice bran using tape yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae). This study was carried out in the poultry production shed of the Animal Husbandry Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Khairun, located in Fitu Village, South Ternate City. One hundred of DOC broiler which consisted of using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) which concicted of 5 treatments and 4 replications, namely R0 = basal feed (control), R1 90% basal feed + 10% fermented rice bran, R2 = 80% Basal feed + 20% fermented rice bran, R3 = 70% basal feed +30% fermented rice bran, R4 = 60% basal feed + 40% fermented rice bran. The variables observed included ration consumption, body weight gain, carccas weight and abdominal fat. The results showed that the administration of fermented bran using tape yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) showed no significant difference to feed consumption (P&gt;0.05), but body weight gain, feed conversion showed, carcass weight and abdominal fet significant differences (P&lt;0.05). The results of the study can be concluded that giving up to 20% fermented bran can increase the growth of broiler chickens.</p> 2023-12-07T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Emy Saelan Emy Internal Kualitas internal dan eksternal telur ayam lokal yang di inseminasi buatan menggunakan mikropipet 2023-11-26T08:25:07+07:00 Agus restu budimas Ristika Handarini Agung Puji Haryanto <p>Native chicken is a species of fowl that is usually consumed by people in Indonesia. Most various of native chicken bred are new strains, i.e Merawang chicken, Kampung Unggul Balitbang (KUB) chicken and IPB D-1 chicken. High-quality chicken shall be produced from superior breed through artificial insemination by micropipette. A micropipette is a pipette tool with high accuracy and precision to collect cement when performing an artificial insemination. This research is performed to test the internal and external quality of egg which involves egg yolk index (IKT), haugh unit (HU), eggshell weight and egg weight of 3 types of native chickens that artificially inseminated by a micropipette of various doses using 108 female native chickens aged 50 weeks and 6 males native chickens aged 24 months. The treatment was applied to the object with details of 36 female KUB and 2 males KUB, 36 females Merawang and 2 males Merawang, and 36 females IPB D-1 and 2 males IPB-D1. The quality test of eggs used 72 eggs which consists of total each type of chicken are 24 eggs. Data were analyzed using Completely Randomized Design (CRD). Factors that affect internal and external quality are age, genetics, health, environment, storage time, and feed. Research could be followed to conduct hatchability tests on the eggs produced from this study to trace an effect on egg hatchability in various types of native chickens.</p> 2023-12-13T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Agus restu budimas, Ristika Handarini, Agung Puji Haryanto Kontribusi surface area, specific gravity, dan volume telur terhadap berat telur puyuh 2023-08-14T10:24:06+07:00 Dicky Wahyu Johar Arifin Dani Garnida <p>The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation and obtain the amount of contribution between surface area (X1), specific gravity (X2), and volume (X3) to the weight of quail eggs (Y). This study used 300 samples of fresh eggs with the correlation method of the path analysis test. The calculation of the correlation coefficient is pX1Y = 0.924, pX2Y = 0.056, and pX3Y= 0.499. The calculation of the trajectory coefficient is pYX1 = 0.875, pYX2 = 0.235, and pYX3 = 0.888. Based on the results of data analysis in this study, it can be concluded that the surface area is very strongly correlated, the specific gravity is very low, and the volume of eggs is moderately correlated with a correlation of 0.924, 0.056, and 0.499 (P&gt;0.05). The total influence was 86.36% and the influence of other factors was 13.64% with volume being the largest contributing independent variable, which was 42.08%, while surface area was 41.55% and specific gravity being the smallest contributing independent variable at 2.73%.</p> 2023-12-13T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Dicky Wahyu, Johar Arifin, Dani Garnida Pengaruh berat telur, luas permukaan, dan berat jenis, terhadap shape index telur puyuh (Coturnix coturnix japonica) 2023-08-13T17:35:17+07:00 Atika Nuriza Tanaffasa Wiwin Tanwiriah Dani Garnida <p>The research was held from 6<sup>th</sup> April 2023 to 6<sup>th</sup> Mei 2023 in Laboratory of Poultry Poduction, Padjadjaran University. The purpose of this research was to figure out the corellations between weight, surface area, and specific gravity on the shape index of quail eggs (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica). The method used in this research is corellational, and path analysis, with exogenous variables they are weight (X1), surface area (X2), specific gravity (X3) and one endogenous variable is shape index(Y). Sampling collects by purposive sampling with the criteria of eggshell integrity and uniform egg weight. The data obtained from the measurement results were then carried out the normality test, linearity test, Pearson correlation and path analysis. The results showed that the weight and surface area of the quail egg shape index has a correlation value of -0.194. Specific gravity with shape index quail eggs showed a correlation value of 0.013. Weight gives the greatest effect on the shape index of quail eggs (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) by 7.51%, surface area gives the effect on the shape index of quail eggs (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) by 0.62% and specific gravity gives a low effect on the shape index of quail eggs (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) 0.03%.</p> 2023-12-13T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Atika Nuriza Tanaffasa, Wiwin Tanwiriah, Dani Garnida Analisis pendapatan usaha gula aren di Desa Cawang Lama Kabupaten Rejang Lebong 2023-12-09T15:29:24+07:00 Febri Nur Pramudya Putri Milanda Bainamus Adnan <p>The aim of this research was to analyze palm sugar business income in Cawang Lama Vilage, Rejang Lebong Regency. The location was chosen purposively because this area is a large producer of palm sugar and runs its business sustainably. This research method was obtained from quantitative data and questionnaires from research respondents. This research was carried out purposively in Cawang Lama Village. The things analyzed in this research are income and efficiency values. The results of the analysis showed that the income obtained was IDR1,093,383.-. This is influenced by the amount of revenue and production costs incurred each month. This income is relatively small but helps the family's economy, because palm sugar in this area is mostly produced only as a side job. Due to limited raw materials and the area of ​​oil palm plantations owned. On average, they work as coffee farmers and rice farmers as their main job. The palm sugar business in one of the largest palm sugar producing villages in Selupu Rejang District has an efficiency value of 1.56, which means the business is feasible to run. It can be concluded that the palm sugar business in Cawang Lama Village, Rejang Lebong Regency has good business feasibility, and every unit of costs incurred in this business can be returned 1.56 times.</p> 2023-12-15T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Febri Nur Pramudya, Putri Milanda Bainamus, Adnan Pengaruh herbisida bentazon 400 g/l + mcpa 60 g/l terhadap gulma, pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman padi (Oryza sativa L.) 2023-11-24T09:34:21+07:00 Yayan Sumekar Rian Suryana Acep Atma Wijaya Umar Dani <p><em>Weeds are one of the obstacles in rice cultivation because they can reduce rice yields both in quality and quantity. Weeds compete in terms of necessities of life such as water, nutrients and sunlight. This study aims to determine the effect of betazon 400 g/l + MCPA 60 g/l in controlling weeds and the growth of paddy rice. The research was conducted in Palasah Village, Kertajati District, Majalengka Regency, West Java. The experiment used a one-factor Randomized Block Design (RBD) with seven treatments and four replications. The experiment consisted of five treatments of bentazone 400 g/l + MCPA 60 g/l at a dose of 1.5 L/ha, 2.0 L/ha, 2.5 L/ha, 3.0 L/ha, 3.5 L/ha, the comparison is in the form of manual control and without weed control. The data obtained if there is a significant difference will be further tested using the testDuncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at the level of 5%. The results showed that the application of the herbicide Bentazone 400 g/l + MCPA 60 g/l at a dose of 1.5 L/ha was able to suppress the growth of broadleaf weed</em><em>s (</em><em>Lindernia crustarcea, Spenoclia zeylanica</em><em> and Marsilea crenata)</em><em>, </em><em>sedge weeds</em> <em>(</em><em>Cypress iria</em><em> and</em><em> Fimbristylis miliacea</em><em>)</em> <em>and does not cause </em><em>symptoms of toxicity (phytotoxicity) to rice plants which so that they do not interfere with the</em><em>ir</em><em> growth</em><em>.</em></p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Yayan Sumekar, Rian Suryana, Acep Atma Wijaya, Umar Dani Uji adaptasi pertumbuhan beberapa varietas sorgum di lahan pasir pantai Desa Dampek, Kabupaten Manggarai Timur, Nusa Tenggara Timur 2023-12-09T12:02:30+07:00 Muhammad Noor Ariefin Rizki Adiputra Taopan Nella Angelina Simanjuntak Devi Liana Tri Astuti Defiyanto Djami Adi <p>Sorghum has a high adaptability in its growth in dry and marginal lands. Coastal sandy land is characterized by sandy texture and rapid water drainage. Developing sorghum in coastal sandy lands can be a utilization of land resources to produce local food materials in East Nusa Tenggara. This research aims to determine the growth respons and yield of various sorghum varieties in coastal sandy lands. The research was conducted in Dampek Village, East Manggarai, East Nusa Tenggara. The research used a Complete Randomized Block Design (CRBD) method with one factor, which is sorghum varieties. The sorghum varieties used were Bioguma-1, Suri-3, and Super-2. The observed research parameters included plant height, stem diameter, number of leaves, and panicle weight. The research results were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) at a significant level of 5%. Based on the study results, it is known that all three sorghum varieties can provide a good growth response for each parameter. The three sorghum varieties, Suri-3, Bioguma-2, and Super-2, can adapt well to coastal sandy lands in Dampek Village, East Manggarai Regency, East Nusa Tenggara.</p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Noor Ariefin, Rizki Adiputra Taopan, Nella Angelina Simanjuntak, Devi Liana, Tri Astuti, Defiyanto Djami Adi Perbandingan jumlah total bakteri, kadar lemak, dan protein susu segar pada penyimpanan suhu rendah (4 – 6° C) dan suhu ruang 2023-12-11T14:01:54+07:00 Fajar Firdaus Afandi Raden Febrianto Christi Wendry Setiyadi Putranto <p>The method and duration of storage are crucial factors determining quality of fresh milk, as assessed by total bacterial, fat content, and protein content of fresh milk. This research aims to determine the comparison of the total bacterial count, fat content, and protein content of fresh milk stored at a low temperature and at room temperature. The research subjects used were fresh milk obtained from a single cow in a single milking process, stored at a low temperature of 4 – 6 ℃ and at room temperature, and then tested and compared for the total bacterial count, fat content, and protein content after storage for the 2<sup>nd</sup>, 4<sup>th</sup>, and 6<sup>th</sup> hours. The data obtained was statistically analyzed using the student’s t-test at a confidence level of α = 95%. The result showed that there a significant difference (p&lt;0,05) in total bacterial and fat content. Within 6 hours, at a low temperature, total bacterial increased from the initial 3,07 × 10<sup>5</sup> cfu/ml to 5,95 × 10<sup>5</sup> cfu/ml, while at room temperature, it rose to 21.02 × 10<sup>5</sup> cfu/ml. The initial fat content was 4,14%, and after 6 hours of storage, at a low temperature, fat content decreased to 3,35%, whereas at room temperature, it dropped below the SNI standard of 3 to 2,91%. As for the protein content of the milk, both at low and room temperatures, the protein did not decrease and did not show a significant difference (p&lt;0,05). It can be concluded that up to two hours of storage, the quality of milk is not affected by temperature. However, after being stored for more than two hours, the storage temperature does impact the total bacterial count and the fat content of the milk.</p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Fajar Firdaus Afandi, Raden Febrianto Christi, Wendry Setiyadi Putranto Uji ketahanan empat varietas tanaman jagung (Zea mays) terhadap intensitas serangan ulat grayak (Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith) 2023-12-08T13:16:53+07:00 Miftah Dieni Sukmasari Umar Dani Andi Dwi Purwana <p>The aim of this research was to examine differences in the intensity of armyworm attacks on several varieties of corn plants. This experiment was carried out in Cikalong Village, Sukahaji District, Majalengka Regency. The trial period starts from October 2022 to January 2023. The materials that will be used consist of 4 superior varieties of corn, namely NK 007, Bisi 2, Bisi 18, and Bisi 99. The research method uses a non-factorial Randomized Block Design (RAK) with 4 treatments. repeated 6 times. So the number of experimental plots obtained was 24 experimental plots. The research variables observed included the intensity of armyworm pest attacks, leaf length, number of leaves, leaf area, ear length, ear diameter, weight of husk ear and dry shell weight per ear. To see the effect of treatment, it was tested using the F test at the 5% level. If the calculated F is greater than the F table then the test continues using the LSD (Least Significant Differences) Test. The results of the research showed that the four varieties of corn, namely NK 007, Bisi 18, Bisi 2 and Bisi 99, did not differ significantly in the intensity of attacks by corn armyworm pests, at 14 and 28 HST, number of leaves, leaf width, cob length, diameter. cobs and dry shell weight per cob but were significantly different in the intensity of armyworm attacks at 42 and 56 DAP and the average weight per cob. The Bisi 2 variety provides the most optimal results compared to other varieties planted on average.</p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Miftah Dieni Sukmasari, Umar Dani, Andi Dwi Purwana Characteristics of the livestock market in Payobasuang, Payakumbuh 2023-12-15T00:26:13+07:00 Reswati Aronal Arief Putra <p>The livestock market in Payobasuang is an important animal market in the middle area of West Sumatra, mostly for cattle and buffalo trading. Research about the characteristics of this livestock market was conducted using a survey method. Data on trader demographics and livestock trading were collected from 30 traders. In demographics, all traders are men with an average age of 46.10 years old and 26.13 years of experience; 73.33% of them select this business as their primary occupation, and most of them have a vehicle to bring the animal (86.67%). Most traders' last education was elementary school (33.33%) and junior high school (33.33%). In livestock trading, most animals were obtained from livestock farmers (86.67%), and cash payments were mainly used (76.67%). For <em>qurban</em> and cattle racing, the female animal was preferred (65.93% and 100%, respectively), while the male was favored for the fattening animal (66.67%). In summary, the livestock market and traders are important in supplying livestock from smallholders to consumers.</p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Reswati, Aronal Arief Putra Pengaruh umur dan pengalaman inseminator terhadap keberhasilan inseminasi buatan pada sapi perah di wilayah kerja Koperasi Peternak Sapi Bandung Utara (KPSBU) Lembang 2023-12-11T11:23:14+07:00 Rifki Jihadi Asyraf Ajat Sudrajat Setyo Utomo Raden Febrianto Christi <p>This study aimed to evaluate the success rate of artificial insemination (AI) in dairy cows at KPSBU Lembang District based on experience and different ages of inseminators. The research was carried out on December 26, 2022 - January 31, 2023, in Lembang District. The research was conducted using a survey method and the variables measured were the success of artificial insemination including service per conception (S/C), Conception Rate (CR), Non-Return Rate (NRR), and Calving Interval (CI). Data analysis used in this study is a simple correlation analysis and quantitative descriptive. The results showed that the average age of the inseminator was 39 years old, the average inseminator work experience was 19 years. Meanwhile, the average of S/C value was 1.84 time, the CR value was 64.50%, the NRR value was 93%, and CI value with an average of 13 months. The correlation analysis showed that (X) experience and age have no significant effect (p&gt;0,05) on the success of AI based on (Y) S/C and CR. It can be concluded that the success rate of artificial insemination of dairy cows based on S/C and CR in Lembang District was good, but the experience and age of inseminators had not affected the success of artificial insemination in Lembang District</p> 2023-12-25T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Rifki Jihadi Asyraf, Ajat Sudrajat, Setyo Utomo, Raden Febrianto Christi Laporan Kasus: Pyometra Pada Anjing Ras Labrador 2023-12-19T15:23:34+07:00 Anna Zukiaturrahmah Juliadi Ramadhan Ario Ridho Gelagar Usma Aulia <p><em>Pyometra</em> is one of the important causes of infertility in female animals, including dogs. <em>Pyometra</em> is accumulation of pus in the uterus caused by bacteria that are normally in the uterus but in certain circumstances become pathogens due to hormonal influences. This case report aims to determine the etiology, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of <em>pyometra</em> disease in dogs. The examination method that is carried out is physical examination and investigations, hematology, blood chemistry, and ultrasound. Based on a physical examination in the form of inspection of the lesions on the vulva and abdominal enlargement. Palpation of the mesogastrium and hypogastrium is the presence of abdominal tension. Hematologic results show leukocytosis, neutrophilia, and hyperchromic normocytic anemia. Blood chemistry examination results showed azotemia, increased AST, ALP and GGT. Ultrasound examination results show that an anechoic period is accumulation of uterine fluid and thickening of the uterine wall. The diagnosis of this case is <em>pyometra.</em> The therapy performed is ovariohisterectomy surgery. After surgery animals were given medicines including Cephalexine, Meloxicam, Ursodeoxycholic acid, and S-adenosylmethionine (SAMe). On the sixth day the animal surgery post improves again and is allowed to be taken home.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Anna Zukiaturrahmah, Juliadi Ramadhan, Ario Ridho Gelagar, Usma Aulia Pengaruh berbagai dosis nutrisi terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman selada (Lactuca sativa L) pada hidroponik sistem sumbu 2023-12-31T10:00:30+07:00 Aaz Azamudin Tifani Acep Atma Wijaya Umar Dani Asep Komala <p>The experiment was carried out in the hydroponic hut Wa Adi, Gunungmanik Village, Talaga District, Majalengka Regency, West Java, with an altitude of 700 meters above sea level and a temperature of 20-26°C. The experiment was carried out from February to March 2022. The randomized block design (RBD) consisted of three treatments (t = 3 treatments) and was repeated ten times. Dosage factor (D) consists of three levels: d1 : 3 ml/liter (1.5 ml A + 1.5 ml B/liter), d2: 5 ml/liter (2.5 ml A + 2.5 ml B/liter), and d3: 7 ml/liter (3.5 ml A + 3.5 ml B/liter). Further tested using Duncan's Multiple Range Test at 5% level. Duncan's further test results showed that the administration of various doses of nutrients had a significant effect on plant height at 10 hst, plant height at 20 hst, plant height at 30 hst, number of leaves at 10 hst, number of leaves at 20 hst, leaf width at 20 hst, stover weight, and net weight. Each of the growth and yield components of lettuce plants treated with d2 (5 ml/liter) nutrient doses showed the best results compared to d1 (3 ml/liter) and d3 (7 ml/liter) nutrient doses.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Aaz Azamudin Tifani, Acep Atma Wijaya, Umar Dani, Asep Komala Laporan kasus: Infeksi toxocara canis pada anjing domestik (Canis familiaris) 2023-12-25T11:58:53+07:00 Usma Aulia Anna Zukiaturrahmah Juliadi Ramadhan Ario Ridho Gelagar <p>Dogs are one of the human pets that are often affected by parasitic infections, both endoparasites (helminths and protozoa) and ectoparasites (fleas, ticks, fleas, and mites). Endoparasites that are often reported are helminth cases, namely Ancylostomiasis, Toxocariasis, Dipylidiasis, Trichuriasis and Nekatoriasis. Toxocara canis is one of the most widespread public health and economically important zoonotic parasitic infections humans share with dogs. Meanwhile, the ectoparasites, especially fleas, that are often encountered are Ctenocephalides canis. The method used to detect the presence of worms is native, centrifugation, and floating feces examination and Mc Master Chamber calculation to determine the severity of the worm infection. In this case, blood tests were also carried out. Flea examination is carried out by identifying ectoparasite wet preparations. The results of a floating stool examination revealed Toxocara canis worm eggs. The ectoparasite obtained after laboratory examination was the flea Ctenocephalides canis. The treatment used to treat helminth disease is by administering worm medicine, while for flea disease it can be done by anti-flea injection. Prevention can be done by administering worm medicine regularly and keeping the dog's cage and environment clean.</p> 2023-12-31T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Usma Aulia, Anna Zukiaturrahmah, Juliadi Ramadhan, Ario Ridho Gelagar Sebaran rumpun, pola warna bulu, dan jenis tanduk domba lokal betina di Kabupaten Bandung 2024-01-13T18:14:25+07:00 Ken Ratu Gharizah Alhuur Hanif Ardhiwirayuda An An Nurmeidiansyah Denie Heriyadi <p>The variety of environmental and cultural conditions in each region in Indonesia causes differences in sheep rearing patterns, resulting in a variety of breeds, coat color patterns and types of horns of sheep being cultivated. The Bandung Regency area has a climate and environment that is suitable for raising livestock, so raising sheep has become a part of the culture in the area. Choosing flocks, coat color patterns and types of sheep horns that suit consumer needs can increase the selling value of sheep. The aim of this research was to determine the distribution of clump types, coat color patterns and horn types of local ewes in several animal markets in Bandung Regency. The research was conducted in June 2023 in three animal markets, namely Majalaya, Pacet, and Banjaran Animal Markets. The research method used is descriptive analytic and data collection uses the census method. Based on the research results, it can be concluded that the distribution of local ewes includes Garut sheep 86.78% and Priangan sheep 13.22%, while the distribution of local ewes's coat color patterns is dominated by white 63.64%, a combination of 25.62%, and black 10.74%, as well as muser horn types 54.55%, hornless 33.88%, and horned 11.57%. The total number of research objects was 121 animals, dominated by Garut sheep, the dominant white coat color pattern, and muser horn type</p> 2023-12-30T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Ken Ratu Gharizah Alhuur, Hanif Ardhiwirayuda, An An Nurmeidiansyah, Denie Heriyadi