Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan (Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner) 2023-07-18T22:25:56+07:00 Dr. Rachmat Somanjaya, S.Pt., MS. Open Journal Systems <p>Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner (Agrivet) with registered number ISSN 2354-6190 (print) ISSN 2541-6154 (online) is a scientific open access journal published by <strong>Faculty of Agricultural Universitas Majalengka</strong>. This journal has been accredited by National Journal Accreditation (ARJUNA) Managed by Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, Republic Indonesia with fifth Grade (Sinta 5) since Volume 6 No. 1 2018 to Volume 10 No. 2 2022 according to the decree No. 200/M/KPT/2020. Agrivet journal aims to publish original research results and reviews, and also receives manuscripts encompassing a broad range of research topics in tropical Agricultural and Animal Sciences : Agribusiness, Agrotechnology, Animal Production, Animal Reproduction, Animal Nutrition, Sosio-economic of Livestock, and Livestock Product and environment. Agrivet journal is published every six months (<strong>June </strong><strong style="font-size: 0.875rem;">and December</strong><span style="font-size: 0.875rem;">).</span></p> <p> Agrivet Journal has been indexed and abstracted in <strong>Science and Technology Index (SINTA), Google Scholar</strong>, and other scientific databases. The journal also used Similarity Check to prevent any suspected plagiarism in the manuscripts.</p> <p>This Journal AGRIVET : Journal Of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner website has migrated from the former website at <a href="">Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan (Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner) (</a></p> Faktor-faktor penentu integrasi pasar daging ayam broiler 2023-04-05T11:06:16+07:00 Jojo Feriansyah Kamal Ma'ruf kamalma' Ana Frasipa Isman Sidik <p>Broiler chicken meat is a strategic commodity that is growing rapidly. This product occupies the highest consumption rating of meat products. This study examines the factors of broiler chicken market integration in Indonesia. The data used is secondary data for the monthly time series, which is 72 months, in the period January 2015-December 2020. The data were analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis approaches. The results show that a significant variable affects the integration of the broiler chicken meat market in Indonesia: the amount of production in the destination province.</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 jojo jojo, Feriansyah, Kamal Ma'ruf, Ana Frasipa, Isman Sidik Performa Ayam Kampung Unggul Balitnak (KUB) dengan penambahan dedak fermentasi dalam ransum 2023-05-15T00:35:07+07:00 Emy Saelan Sulasmi Sri Utami Muhammad Ade Salim <p>Kampung Unggul Balitnak (KUB) is a native chicken crossed for six generations. Rice bran is an energy source of feed, but rice bran has high crude fiber. The research was conducted in the poultry production cage of Sasa Village, South Ternate City. This study aimed to determine the percentage of fermented rice bran of performance of KUB Village chicken for meat production. The study used a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) consisting of five treatments and four replications. Data obtained were analyzed with Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) one way and further tests with Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results showed that the ration consumption for all treatments (R0, R1, R2, R3, and R4) was not significantly different (p&gt;0.05). The body weight gain, feed conversion, and carcass weight were not significantly different (p&gt;0,05) between R0, R1, R2, and R3 treatments. However, the R4 treatment showed significant differences (p&lt;0.05) from the other treatments. In conclusion, presenting a ration containing up to 30% fermented rice bran provides optimal results for the growth of KUB chicken to produce meat.</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Emy Saelan, Sulasmi, Sri Utami, Ade Salim Body condition score sapi Bali induk dan temperature-humidity index di Kecamatan Tidore Utara, Kota Tidore Kepulauan 2023-04-23T09:57:18+07:00 Maman Jafar Eny Endrawati Dwi Nur Happy Hariyono <p>This study aimed to determine the body condition score (BCS) of Bali cows kept on smallholder farms and the temperature-humidity index (THI) in the Tidore Utara sub-district, from June to July 2022. Eighteen cows (2-3 years old) were selected on the basis of their BCS through direct observation (scoring scale: 1-5). The BCS data were analyzed as percentages (%) for each scoring scale and presented in a chart. The THI value was determined based on temperature (ºC) and humidity (%) data and analyzed using descriptive statistics as mean and standard deviation. The results showed that the average temperature in the morning and evening at the study site was relatively the same (32.00±3.14ºC vs. 32.01±1.17ºC), while the average humidity in the two-time groups was relatively different (87.89±11.14% vs. 77.96±6.50%). The average THI in the morning and evening (88.71±3.23 vs. 85.67±1.00) indicated that the cows in the study site experienced severe heat stress. The majority of the cows had BCS 3 (46.67%), while the remaining cows had BCS 2 (33.33%), BCS 4 (13.33%), and BCS 1 (6.67%). None of the cows had BCS 5 (0%).</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Maman Jafar, Eny Endrawati, Dwi Nur Happy Hariyono Pengaruh kombinasi pupuk NPK dan ekstrak kecambah kacang hijau terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman kubis bunga (Brassica oleraceae var. Botrytis L.) 2023-06-06T22:07:09+07:00 Hamdan Drian Adiwijaya Tita Kartika Dewi Ria Andela <p>This study aims to determine the effect of the combination of NPK fertilizer and bean sprout extract (BSE) on the growth and yield of cauliflower plants and to determine the right dose of the combination of NPK fertilizer and bean sprout extract, so as to provide maximum results on the growth and yield of cauliflower plants in the lowlands. The experiment was carried out in Pusakanagara District, Subang Regency, West Java Province. With an altitude of 15 m above sea level, the air temperature ranges from 27<sup>0</sup>C–30<sup>0</sup>C. The experiment was carried out from October to December 2022. The study used an experimental method and a randomized block design with four treatments and six replications. The treatment consisted of P<sub>0</sub>: 5 g NPK (as control), P<sub>1</sub>: 5 g NPK + 75 g/L, P<sub>2</sub>: 5 g NPK + 100 g/L, P<sub>3</sub>: 5 g NPK + 125 g/L. The results showed that all treatments of a combination of NPK fertilizer and bean sprout extract had a significant effect on plant height (14 and 28 days after planting(DAP)), number of leaves (14, 28, and 35 DAP), leaf diameter (14 and 35 DAP), flower weight and flower diameter. For the P3 treatment, the combination dose of 5 g of NPK fertilizer and 125 g/l of bean sprout extract had a significant effect and showed the highest yield on plant height, number of leaves, and the highest weight of cauliflower, namely 379.25 g/plant. It can be concluded that the administration of bean sprout extract (BSE) was proven to increase the growth and yield of cauliflower varieties PM 126F. Doses of bean sprout extract fertilizer up to 125 mg/L of water are considered quite effective in efforts to increase the growth and yield of flower cabbage variety PM 126F.</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Hamdan Drian Adiwijaya, Tita Kartika Dewi, Ria Andela Pengaruh jarak tanam dan penggunaan pupuk hayati terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman bawang merah (Allium ascalonicum L.) Varietas Bali Karet 2023-05-11T10:44:43+07:00 Miftah Dieni Sukmasari Ita Yulianti Adi Oksifa Rahma Harti <p>This study aims to analyze the interaction of plant spacing and use of biological fertilizers on the growth and yield of shallot (Allium ascalonicum L) and analyze one or more spacing and doses of biological fertilizers that have a better effect on the growth and yield of shallot (Allium ascalonicum L.). This research was conducted in the experimental land of the Gunung Sari farmer group in Sukasari Kaler Village, Agrapura District, Kab. Majalengka. This study used a factorial randomized block design (RAK) method with 12 treatments, each treatment repeated 3 times. Differences in the effect of treatment were tested with the F test at the 5% level. When F hits &gt; F table, then the test is continued to determine the effect between treatments that cause differences in diversity with Duncan's multiple range test at the 5% level. The results showed that all spacing treatments without the application of biological fertilizers gave the lowest results for all observed variables, both growth and yield variables. While the best results were shown by the application of biological fertilizers at a dose of 75 grams for all spacing applications, both spacing of 10 cm x 15 cm, 10 cm x 20 cm or 10 cm x 25 cm on the average of the observed variables.</p> <p> </p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Miftah Dieni Sukmasari, Adi oksifa rahma harti, Ita Yulianti Potensi fitokimia daun belimbing wuluh (Averrhoa Bilimbi L.) dengan pengeringan berbeda sebagai kandidat antibiotik alami broiler 2023-06-19T18:02:02+07:00 Yoga Siregar Montesqrit Harnentis <p>This study aimed to determine the phytochemical potential of belimbing wuluh leaves (<em>Averrhoa bilimbi</em> L.) as natural antibiotic candidates for broilers. Belimbing wuluh leaves were processed by drying them in direct sunlight, indirect sunlight, and an oven at 60 °C. The obtained data were descriptively analyzed. The parameters measured were the phytochemical screening test and the Escherichia coli antibacterial test. The results of the phytochemical screening test for starfruit leaves, indirect sunlight drying method, direct sunlight method, and 60 °C oven drying, positively contained phenolic compounds, alkaloids, flavonoids, and steroids; however, the three drying methods did not contain triterpenoid compounds. The results of the activity test for the inhibition of starfruit leaf bacteria in the three drying methods showed positive inhibition of <em>Escherichia coli</em> bacteria, with the largest diameter of the inhibition zone produced in the 60 °C oven drying process. It can be concluded that drying starfruit leaves using an oven at 60℃ produces phenolic compounds, flavonoids, saponins, alkaloids, and steroids, can inhibit <em>Escherichia coli</em> bacteria with an inhibition zone diameter of 4.30 mm and starfruit leaves have the potential to be used as a candidate broiler natural antibiotics.</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Yoga Siregar, Montesqrit, Harnentis Manajemen Pemeliharaan Ternak Babi di Kelurahan Tenda, Nusa Tenggara Timur 2023-07-04T08:15:44+07:00 Maria Tarsisia Luju Korbinianus Feribertus Rinca Mateus Jamin Ambrosius Fandi <p>Pigs have become part of the socio-cultural life of the community, especially in Manggarai Regency, so they have the potential to be developed as meat producers, fund, and improve the social status of the community and support the family economy. The high potential for raising pigs in Manggarai Regency has not been supported by good and correct maintenance management. It is not yet known how the pattern of rearing pigs is carried out by the community. So far, it has only been said that the pattern of rearing pigs is still traditional. For this reason, it is necessary to conduct research to determine the management of pig farming. This exploratory research was carried out for 3 months, from January to April 2023. The research material was in the form of pig farmers as a sample of 37 respondents. The method used in this study is a field survey. Data collection includes primary data and secondary data. The results of the study showed that the management of pig farming is still carried out in a traditional and straightforward manner and can be said to be far from good and correct maintenance standards for pigs. This can be seen from the feeding which uses a lot of kitchen waste and agricultural waste as well as other feed ingredients that contain very high crude fiber. In addition, the housing system is still very simple, so it does not provide a sense of comfort for livestock and affects the growth and development of pigs</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Maria Tarsisia Luju, Korbinianus Feribertus Rinca, Mateus Jamin, Ambrosius Fandi Aplikasi kombinasi penggunaan POC ikan lemuru dan pupuk anorganik NPK pada budidaya tanaman padi 2023-06-27T12:56:37+07:00 Winda Hasma Damanhuri <p>Soil productivity that declines due to the continuous use of inorganic fertilizers for a long period of time has an impact on decreasing the production of rice produced. The need to use organic fertilizers such as liquid organic fertilizer made from lemuru fish to balance soil properties. This study aimed to determine the combination of the use of lemuru fish LOF and NPK fertilizer in rice plant cultivation. The experiment was conducted using a non-factorial complete randomized design with the addition of lemuru fish LOF concentrations as a treatment consisting of 0 ml/l water (P0), 30 ml/l water (P1), 40 ml/l water (P2), 50 ml/l water (P3), and 60 ml/l water (P4). The results showed that the addition of POC lemuru fish with a concentration of 0 ml/l of water gave the best results on all observation variables, namely the number of the productive tiller (21.47), panicle length (21.40 cm), the number of grain per panicle (130.40 grains), the weight of dry rice fields (56.08 g), and the weight of filled grain (4.68 g). It can be concluded that the low nutrient content and little frequency of application were suspected to cause a significant increase in rice crop production.</p> <p> </p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Winda Hasma, Damanhuri Pengaruh kombinasi sistem tanam dan jumlah benih tanaman terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman Padi Hitam (Oryza sativa L.) 2023-05-30T10:57:13+07:00 Vera Purnama Lusiana Hamdan Drian Adiwijaya Tita Kartika Dewi Euis Maesaroh <p>This study aimed to determine the effect of a combination of cropping systems and the number of plant seeds on the growth and yield of black rice plants. The research method used a simple randomized block design (RBD) model consisting of 6 treatment combinations with 4 replication, namely: 1) Combination of 25 x 25 tile planting system and one seed (J1B1), 2) Combination of 25 x 25 tile planting system and two seeds (J1B2), 3) Combination of 2:1 legowo cropping system and one seed (J2B1), 4) Combination of 2:1 legowo cropping system and two seeds (J2B1), 5) Combination of 4:1 legowo cropping system and one seed (J3B1), and 6) Combination legowo 4:1 cropping system and two seeds (J3B2). The results showed that the combination treatment of different cropping systems and number of seeds affected the observation of plant height at 4, 6, and 8 week after planting (WAP), as well as the number of tillers at 4, 6, and 8 WAP; number of productive tillers aged 6 and 8 WAP. Meanwhile, the combination treatment of different planting systems and the number of seeds had no effect on plant height at 2 WAP, number of tillers at 2 WAP, and HGW/plant weight. The combination of the 2:1 legowo cropping system with the number of one seed gave the best effect on observing plant height, number of productive tillers, number of panicles, and weight of 100 HGW grains. However, the combination treatment of different cropping systems and the number of seeds resulted in the same or not significantly different dry harvested grain weight (HGW) and milled dry grain weight (DGW).</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 vera purnama, Lusiana, Hamdan Drian Adiwijaya, Tita Kartika Dewi, Euis Maesaroh Analisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi tingkat keberdayaan perempuan 2023-06-16T20:59:48+07:00 Edang Juliana Tuti Gantini Nataliningsih Elly Roos Maria Yuliana Samantha <p>This study aims to analyze the factors that influence the level of women's empowerment. The method used is survey research with a quantitative verification approach. The research was conducted in Indramayu Regency, using the Multiple Stage Sampling technique. Five (5) sub-districts were taken from 31 sub-districts, and 20 respondents were randomly selected from each sub-district so that the total number was 100 women respondents. Individual characteristics, competence, and availability of information are exogenous variables while the endogenous variable is the level of women's power. Analysis using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM), with calculations assisted by Smart PLS 4 software. The validity test was carried out to see valid indicators based on the loading factor value &gt; 0.5, the reliability test was carried out on the research variables, and the SEM model was obtained in iteration 2. The results showed that individual characteristic variables, competence, and information availability contributed 61% to women's empowerment level. Individual characteristics have a positive effect of 0.77 and are significant on the level of women's empowerment. Women's competence needs to be increased, as well as the availability of information so that women can play an active role and increase their involvement in the economy and development.</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Edang Juliana Edang Juliana, Tuti Gantini, Nataliningsih, Elly Roos Maria, Yuliana Samantha Pengaruh waktu penggantian ransum BR 1 dengan BR 2 terhadap bobot potong, bobot karkas, dan lemak abdominal broiler 2023-05-28T13:24:53+07:00 Pandu Purnama Syifa Nurjannah Nilawati Widjaya Tedi Akhdiat Hilman Permana <p>This research aimed to see how the impact of time to replace BR 1 with BR 2 ration to slaughtering weight, carcass weight, and abdominal fats of broiler. This research was an experimental method using Complete Randomized Design (CRD) with five treatments and five replication. These treatment consisted of P1: giving BR 1 (1 to 42 days old), P2: giving BR 2 (1 to 42 days old), P3: giving BR 1 (1 to 7 days old), and giving BR 2 (8 to 42 days-old), P4: giving BR 1 (1 to 14 days-old) and giving BR 2 (15 to 42 days-old), P5: giving BR 1 (1 to 21 days-old) and giving BR 2 (22 to 42 days-old). The observed variables were slaughtering weight, carcass weight, and abdominal fats of the broiler. The collected data were analyzed by ANOVA and Duncan's test. The results showed that various feeding timing techniques from starter feed (BR1) to grower feed (BR2) did not make a significant difference (p&gt;0.05) in broiler slaughter weight, carcass weight, and abdominal fat. Each of these weights is in the range of 2617.86 – 2754.24 g/head; 2010.51 – 2076.69 g/head or 75.00 – 76.80%; and 41.70 – 44.40 g/head. It can be concluded that all techniques when changing feed types from BR1 to BR2 can be carried out by breeders, however, the economic value of these techniques must be considered because the two types of feed have different prices.</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Pandu Purnama, Syifa Nurjannah, Nilawati Widjaya, Tedi Akhdiat, Hilman Permana Evaluasi dan impact assessment pelatihan sekolah lapang pengendalian hama terpadu (SL-PHT) tanaman jagung melalui pengenalan dan aplikasi pestisida nabati di Kabupaten Purbalingga 2023-07-12T09:50:37+07:00 Lili Adam Yuliandri Rachmi Alnido2 <p>The Sri Lestari farmer group in Karangbanjar Village, Bojongsari District, Purbalingga Regency works on the cultivation of food crops such as corn and rice, some of them working on horticultural crops. The use of chemical fertilizers and chemical pesticides carried out from year to year is quite worrying with the increasing dose of use of Chemical Fertilizers as well as environmentally unfriendly chemicals that are concerned will damage the natural ecosystems. The implementation of integrated pest management field schools (SL-IPM) corn farm efforts are expected to be able to impact the level of application of integrated pesticide control through the identification and application of plant pesticides on the Sri Lestari farmer group. The aim of the study was to analyze the impact of the SL-IPM implementation on the level of application of integrated pest control and the socioeconomic impacts of members of the Sri Lestari group. This research was conducted in May 2023. The number of respondents was 35 people using the census technique. Data is analyzed quantitatively. The observed variables are characteristics, pre-test and post-test, and socio-economic impact assessment of members of the farm group. The results of that there was an improvement in understanding, changes in attitudes, skills, knowledge and behavior in the good category (when an increase in respondent understanding of the training material was more than 30% of all pre-test and post-test questions). The number of members of the peasant group who applied the FS-IPM principle of corn crops was 62.86% with an increase in corn productivity of 50.91%.</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Lili Adam Yuliandri, Rachmi Alnido2 Aplikasi mikroorganisme lokal bonggol pisang pada pertumbuhan dan hasil cabai merah (Capsicum annum L.) Varietas Gada F1 2023-07-11T20:54:10+07:00 Nine Wahyuni Maulani Lusiana Regawati <p>This study aims to determine the dose of banana weevil microorganisms that affect the growth and yield of red chili (<em>Capsicum annum</em> L.). Cultivar Gada F1. This research was conducted in the Bunder Block, Subang District, Subang Regency, Dangdeur Village, West Java Province. This research was conducted in September - December 2022. The experiment was conducted using the experimental method and the design used was a simple randomized block design (RBD) consisting of five treatments and each was repeated five times. Each plot had 6 plant populations planted in polybags and four plant samples, so the total population was 5 x 5 x 6 = 150. The treatment in this experiment consisted of: P1 (100 mL), P2 (125 mL), P3 (150 mL), P4 (175 mL), P5 (200 mL). The parameters observed in this study included: plant height, plant dry weight, fruit diameter, fruit length, fruit number and fruit weight. Dosage of banana weevil microorganisms affects the growth and yield of red chili plants, namely in the parameters: plant height, fruit length, fruit number, and fruit diameter. Dose of 200 mL/ Polybag produces the best amount of fruit.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: Local Microorganisms, Banana Weevil, Chili</strong></p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Nine Wahyuni Maulani The profile of buffalo farming in Matur District, Agam Regency, West Sumatra 2023-07-09T10:42:29+07:00 Reswati Aronal Arief Putra <p>This research aimed to overview the buffalo farming business profile in Matur District and analyze its development problems. Data were obtained using the snowball sampling method by interviewing 148 buffalo farmers and observing their farming. The parameters measured were: 1) farmer demographics, 2) profile of buffalo farming business, and 3) buffalo farming practice. The results showed that the buffalo farming business in Matur District was 58.78% managed by farmers aged 25-54 years, and most of their education was elementary school (54.05%). The farmers were quite experienced in raising buffaloes (18.46 years), but the average ownership was low (1.80 heads or 0.81 Livestock Units). Most of the buffaloes' business system is a profit-sharing system (57.43%). The feed given to buffaloes was mostly natural grass (78.38%), the rearing system was carried out semi-intensively (69.59%) and intensively (30.41%), and only 54.73% of farmers provided buffalo houses. The main constraint in the buffalo farming business development in Matur District was poor farming practices, shown by the low level of technical aspects implementation (38.60%). Most buffalo mating system was natural system (96.39%). Stud limitation availability was the main constraint in buffalo reproductive management, which affected high mating costs (reached IDR 20,000-300,000/conception) and inbreeding cases (15%). Farmers' knowledge about diseases could have been higher, and the buffaloes never got vaccinated. In conclusion, the buffalo management system in Matur District was low, and thus improvement is necessary.</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 reswati reswati, Aronal Arief Putra Peningkatan performan entog dengan pemberian ransum komplit berbasis batang pisang 2023-06-19T10:00:22+07:00 Dini Widianingrum Iwan Setiawan Oki Imanudin Rachmat Somanjaya <p>Muscovy duck was in demand by breeders because of easy maintenance, fast growth, and quick yielding. But muscovy ducks have a high level of ration consumption, resulting in high production costs. An alternative solution used cheap, abundant, and good feed nutrient ingredients, including banana stems. The objective of the research was to obtain the best performance of muscovy duck served a complete ration based on banana stems. The method used was an experimental method with a completely randomized design to 100 ducks with 5 treatments and 4 replication P0 (ration without (0%) banana stems), P1 (ration containing 25% banana stems), P2 (ration containing 50% banana stems), P3 (ration containing banana stems 75%), and P4 (85% banana stems). Maintenance of muscovy duck started from 4 to 12 weeks of age. The variables observed were ration consumption, body weight, and ration conversion. The results showed that the muscovy duck which was served a complete ration containing 50% stems showed the best musk performance, including ration consumption of 31,42<u>+</u>0,00 kg, daily ration consumption 52,37<u>+</u>0,00 gram/day, bodyweight of 24,27<u>+</u>0,00 kg, body weight gain 40,46<u>+</u>0,01 gram/day and ration conversion of 1.29<u>+</u>0,00. In conclusion, the best complete muscovy duck ration contains 50% banana stems.</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Dini Widianingrum, Iwan Setiawan, Oki Imanudin, Rachmat Somanjaya Tingkat Pemahaman Peternak Sapi Perah Terhadap Kasus Penyakit Mulut dan Kuku Di Lembang Bandung Barat 2023-07-14T07:40:42+07:00 Fiqhy Rahman Aldeyano Ajat Sudrajat Anastasia Mamilisti Susiati Raden Febrianto <p>The purpose of the study was to determine the level of understanding of dairy farmers towards cases of Mouth and Hoof Disease (FMD) which includes knowledge, attitudes, and performance of farmers. The research method used is the survey method. The samples used in this study were 50 dairy farmers in Lembang District, Bandung Barat Regency who had at least 3 years of farming experience. The collected data is tabulated and analyzed in a quantitative descriptive manner. The results showed that farmers' knowledge of FMD disease that does not understan and Lack of Understanding as much as 0%, quite understand 18%, understand 42% and understand very well 34% ,and perfect as much as 6%. The prevention attitude carried out by farmers shows Not Good as much as 8%, Less Good 20%, enough as much as 46%, good as much as 26%, and Very Good 0%. The performance of farmers in handling FMD disease is not interested 0%, lack of interest 6%, the same 10%, Interest 26%, very interested 50%, deepening interest 8,% and very deepening as much as 0%. It is concluded that, the level of understanding of dairy farmers which includes knowledge, prevention, and handling attitudes in Lembang District, Bandung Barat Regency is quite good. </p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Fiqhy Rahman Aldeyano, Ajat Sudrajat, Anastasia Mamilisti Susiati, Raden Febrianto Kualitas kimia susu Kambing Sapera (Saanen Peranakan Etawah) di Wayang Dairy Farm, Kabupaten Bandung 2023-07-16T16:21:04+07:00 Ajat Sudrajat Yuli Perwita Sari Raden Febrianto Christi Asep Rahmat Khaerudin <p>Research on the chemical quality of Sapera goat milk at Wayang Dairy Farm Bandung Regency has been carried out. This study aimed to determine and examine the chemical quality of fresh milk in the dairy company Wayang Dairy Farm. This research was conducted in May-June 2023 at Wayang Dairy Farm, Pangalengan District, Bandung, Laboratory of Nutrition and Animal Product Technology, Faculty of Agroindustry, Universitas Mercu Buana Yogyakarta and Food Technology and Agricultural Products test laboratory, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada. The research method used a survey method and tested the chemical quality of fresh milk from the morning milking of 10 Sapera goats. The observed parameters of the chemical quality of fresh milk are protein content, fat and specific gravity of milk. The collected test result data is then tabulated and averaged using MS. Office Excel and analyzed descriptively. The results showed that the chemical quality of fresh milk on average had a protein content of 4.71%, fat of 6.70%, and specific gravity of 1.3139 g/ml. It was concluded that the chemical quality of fresh milk at Wayang Dairy Farm is very good and in accordance with the Indonesian national standard (SNI) 2011.</p> 2023-06-20T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Ajat Sudrajat, Yuli Perwita Sari, Raden Febrianto Christi, Asep Rahmat Khaerudin Pengaruh penambahan konsentrasi cuka apel berbeda terhadap karakteristik kimia dan organoleptik kaldu ayam petelur afkir 2023-07-18T22:25:56+07:00 Nadia Maharani Irma Rahayu Ningrum Muhammad Habbib Khirzin Dewiarum Sari Dwi Ahmad Priyadi <p>Laying hen meat is a food ingredient that contains high enough nutrition. The weakness of rejected laying hens is that the meat is very tough, so it is not accepted by most consumers. One way to make chicken meat attractive is to use it as processed broth. Chicken meat and bones contain high levels of minerals and fat, so you need to add apple cider vinegar to remove these substances. This study aims to determine the chemical quality (fat content, ash content, and pH) and organoleptic quality (color, taste, and aroma). This study used 4 treatments, namely P0 (0%), P1 (1%), P2 (2%), and P3 (3%) each repeated 4 times to obtain a total of 16 research samples. The designs used were Completely Randomized Design (CRD) and Randomized Block Design (RAK). The results showed that the average value of chemical quality parameters (fat content, ash content, and pH) along with the addition of the highest concentration of apple cider vinegar was produced by P3 of 3.25%, 0.37%, 5.89. The average organoleptic values ​​(color, taste, and aroma) along with the addition of the highest concentration of apple cider vinegar were produced by P3 of 4.48 in the category of creamy brown color, 4.36 in the category of meaty aroma, and 4.20 in the category of savory taste. It could be concluded that the addition of apple cider vinegar to the culled laying hen broth had a significant effect (P&lt;0.05) on the chemical and organoleptic quality of the culled laying hen broth.</p> 2023-06-21T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Nadia Maharani, Irma Rahayu Ningrum, Muhammad Habbib Khirzin, Dewiarum Sari, Dwi Ahmad Priyadi Pengaruh pemberian kalsium terhadap perubahan karakter anatomi pelepah bibit kelapa sawit tercekam kekeringan 2023-06-19T08:18:03+07:00 Novi Yulanda Sari Eka Tarwaca Susila Putra <p>One of the environmental limiting factors on the growth and productivity of oil palm is drought stress. Various studies have shown that besides inhibiting the oil palm’s physiological and biochemical processes, severe drought stress also causes morphological changes in the form of oil palm frond fractures. However, research related to calcium’s role in increasing the oil palm seedling’s resistance exposed to drought stress is still limited. This research was conducted to determine the calcium effect and drought stress on the frond anatomical character changes of oil palm seedlings. The study was conducted using a complete randomized block design consisting of two treatments with three replications. The first treatment is drought stress level: field capacity, moderate, and severe drought stress. The second treatment is calcium dose: 0, 50, 100, and 150%. The results showed that drought stress at moderate and severe levels decreased the length and width of epidermal, hypodermis thickness, phloem, and xylem diameter of oil palm frond seedlings. Supplying Ca at 0.08 g increased the cohesiveness and structural strength of frond tissue by increasing the length and width of epidermal tissue and phloem diameter.</p> 2023-06-21T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Novi Yulanda Sari, Eka Tarwaca Susila Putra